• A N Malaviya

      Articles written in Journal of Biosciences

    • Assessment of three simple techniques for the screening of circulating immune complexes: Correlation with a parameter of complement consumption

      A N Malaviya Naresh K Gupta Premavathy Rajagopalan R Kumar

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The sera of 36 normal controls, 45 patients with various diseases and 11 pregnant women were screened for circulating immune complexes using three relatively simple and inexpensive techniques. These included inhibition of agglutination of IgG coated latex particles with a serum having rheumatoid factor activity, polyethylene glycol precipitation and anti-complementary activity test. The circulating immune complexes were detected in a significantly higher proportion of patients as compared to normal controls. In the patients, the presence of circulating immune complexes did not always correlate with clinically detectable immunoinflammatory tissue damage indicating that pathogenic as well as nonpathogenic immune complexes were being detected by the above mentioned techniques. The alpha-1-antitrypsin/C3 ratio, however, correlated well with clinically apparent immuno-inflammation.

    • Studies on precipitating and hemagglutinating antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus

      M Ishaq Asif Ali A N Malaviya Rashid Ali

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      We studied the precipitating and hemagglutinating autoantibodies in the sera of patients with various connective tissue diseases in general and lupus in particular. Saline soluble extract of goat thymus had adequate antigenic materials as compared to other organs. Twenty per cent of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus were positive for precipitating autoantibodies by immunodiffusion and 44% by counterimmunoelectrophoresis. Normal human subjects, nonrheumatic disease patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis and progressive systemic sclerosis were all negative. Forty seven per cent of positive systemic lupus erythematosus sera showed two precipitin systems. Enzyme sensitivities were used as the basis of identification of most of the antigenic specificities. Passive hemagglutination was carried out to identify antibodies to non-histone nuclear protein and nuclear ribonucleo-protein antigens. Thirty eight % of systemic lupus erythematosus patients were positive by this technique. Passive hemagglutination although a highly sensitive technique could not detect antibodies against antigenic systems other than non-histone nuclear protein and nuclear ribonucleoprotein.

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      Forthcoming Special issue.

    • To trigger further research on plant mitochondria, the Journal of Biosciences is bringing out a special issue titled "Plant Mitochondria: Properties and Interactions with Other Organelles".

      Plant mitochondria are quite distinct and have unique features, such as a cyanide-insensitive alternate pathway. They also interact with chloroplasts to optimize photosynthetic carbon assimilation.

      Submissions are welcome until 30 July 2023. The contributions can be original articles, short communications, reviews, or mini-reviews on any topic related to plant mitochondria.

      Authors can submit their articles online at https://www.editorialmanager.com/jbsc/default2.aspx

      Posted on April 12, 2023
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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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