Articles written in Indian Academy of Sciences Conference Series

    • Foreword

      Hilda A Cerdeira Neelima Gupte Jürgen Kurths Ram Ramaswamy

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    • Structure of simplicial complexes of graphs representing magnetization-reversal time series


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      Mapping time series onto graphs and the use of graph theory methods opens up the possibility to study the structure of the phase space manifolds underlying the fluctuations of a dynamical variable. Here, we go beyond the standard graph measures and analyze the higher-order structures such as triangles, tetrahedra and higher-order cliques and their complexes present in the time-series networks, which are detectable by algebraic topology methods. We investigate the Barkhausen noise signal which accompanies domain-wall dynamics during magnetization reversal in weakly disordered ferromagnets by a slow increase of the external field along the hysteresis loop. Our analysis demonstrates how the appearance of the complexes with cliques of a high order correlates to the enhanced collective fluctuations in the central part of the hysteresis loop, where domain-wall depinning occurs. In contrast, the fractional Gaussian noise fluctuations at the beginning of the loop correspond to the graph of a simpler topology. The determined topology measures serve as geometrical indicators of changing dynamical regimes along the hysteresis loop. The multifractal analysis of the corresponding segments of the signal confirms that we deal with different types of stochastic processes.

      PACS Nos 12.60.Jv; 12.10.Dm; 98.80.Cq; 11.30.Hv

    • Spatial splay states in coupled map lattices and Josephson junction arrays


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      We show the existence and stability of frozen splay states as well as temporally chaotic splay states in a coupled sine circle map lattice system using analytic and numerical techniques. The splay states are observed for very low values of the nonlinearity parameter, i.e., for circle maps which deviate very slightly from the shift map case. We also observe that, depending on the parameters of the system, the splay states bifurcate to mixed or chimera splay states, consisting of a mixture of splay and synchronised states, together with kinks in the phases of some of the maps and then to a globally synchronised state. We estimate the parameter regions where these pure states and the mixed states are seen. We also briefly show that similar spatial splay structures can exist in experimentally realisable systems like Josephson junction arrays and Hartley-like oscillator arrays.

      PACS Nos 12.60.Jv; 12.10.Dm; 98.80.Cq; 11.30.Hv

    • Synchronization, phase slips, and coherent structures in area-preserving maps


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      The problem of synchronization of coupled Hamiltonian systems exhibits interesting features due to the non-uniform or mixed nature (regular and chaotic) of the phase space. We study these features by investigating the synchronization of unidirectionally coupled area-preserving maps coupled by the Pecora–Carroll method. We find that coupled standard maps show complete synchronization for values of the nonlinearity parameter at which regular structures are still present in phase space. The distribution of synchronization times has a power law tail indicating long synchronization times for at least some of the synchronizing trajectories. With the introduction of coherent structures using parameter perturbation in the system, this distribution crosses over to exponential behavior, indicating shorter synchronization times, and the number of initial conditions which synchronize increases significantly, indicating an enhancement in the basin of synchronization. On the other hand, coupled blinking vortex maps display both phase synchronization and phase slips, depending on the location of the initial conditions. We discuss the implication of our results.

      PACS Nos 05.45.+b

    • Signatures of climatic phenomena in climate networks: Cyclones, El Niño and La Niña


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      We construct climate networks based on surface air temperature data to identify distinct signatures of climatic phenomena such as cyclones, El Niño and La Niña events which trigger many climatic disruptions around the globe with serious economic and ecological consequences. The climate network shows a discontinuous phase transition in the size of the normalised largest cluster and the susceptibility during cyclones. The correlation matrix of the network shows a structure which has distinct characteristics of El Niño events, La Niña events, and no events. We also identify the signature of the El Niño and La Niña oscillations in the heat map of the system. We discuss further analysis of these systems

    • Preface

      Hilda A Cerdeira Neelima Gupte Ram Ramaswamy

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      PNLD 2019, the sixth of the Perspectives in Nonlinear Dynamics conferences, was held in São Paulo, Brazil from July 16 to July 19, 2019 as a satellite to STATPHYS 27 that was held the preceding week in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The venue for the meeting was ICTP-SAIFR, the South American Institute for Fundamental Research of the ICTP which is housed on the campus of the São Paulo State University (UNESP) at the Instituto de Física Teórica (IFT-UNESP).

    • Microtransitions in hierarchical and climate networks


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      The prediction of the critical point of a phase transition is a topic of great current interest, and is of utility in many practical contexts. Therefore, the identification of precursors, or early warning signals of the critical point, has become the focus of current interest. Recent model studies have shown that a series of small transitions, which have been called microtransitions, act as precursors to the percolation transition. Here, we identify the existence of microtransitions in two distinct networks, for two distinct processes. The first case is the process of avalanche transmission on branching hierarchical networks. Here, typical realizations of the original lattice of this network exhibit a second order transition.We note that microtransitions in the variance of the order parameter are seen in this case. Additionally, the positions of the microtransitions follow ascaling relation. The scaling relation can be used to calculate the position of the critical point, which is seen to be in agreement with the observed result.We also introduce this method of identifying the microtransitions occurring before the tipping point to a complex real world system, the climate system. We analyse the discontinuous first order phase transition occurring in the climate networks. We apply the percolation framework to these networks to analyse the structural changes in the network and construct an order parameter and a susceptibility. Microtransitions can be found in the behaviour of the susceptibility. These can be used to predict the tipping point in the system. We discuss possible applicationsof this.

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