• DEEPAK

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Assessment of mechanical and three-body abrasive wear peculiarity of TiO$_2$- and ZnO-filled bi-directional E-glass fibre-based polyester composites

      AKANT KUMAR SINGH SIDDHARTHA DEEPAK

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      This paper is about the development of bi-directional E-glass fibre-based polyester composites filled with zinc oxide (ZnO) and titanium dioxide (TiO$_2$) fillers, respectively. The mechanical characterization of these composites is performed. The three-body abrasive wear characteristic of fabricated composites has been assessed under different operating conditions. For this, the three-body abrasion test is done on dry abrasion test rig (TR-50)and analysed using Taguchi’s experimental design scheme and analysis of variance. The results obtained from these experiments are also validated against existing microscopic models of Ratner–Lancaster and Wang. A good linear relationship is obtained between specific wear rate and the reciprocal of ultimate strength and strain at tensile fracture of these composites. It indicates that the experimentally obtained results are in good agreement with theseexisting models. It is found that the tensile strength decreases with filler loading, while hardness, flexural strength, inter-laminar shear strength and impact strength are increased. TiO$_2$-filled composites were observed to performbetter than ZnO-filled composites under abrasive wear situations. The wear mechanism is studied in correlation with the SEM micrograph of the worn-out surface of composites. Performance optimization of composites is doneby using VIKOR method.

    • Improvement in light-extraction efficiency of light emitting diode using microlenses fabricated by a novel and cost-effective method

      RAHUL K SHARMA MONICA KATIYAR DEEPAK

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      A low cost, solution-based novel process was proposed, which avoids any photo-lithographically fabricated Si template and yet yields small dimension microlenses. The microlenses were fabricated using a well-known chemical technique called dewetting of polymer thin film. Polystyrene (PS) was used to make a polymer thin film with thickness ranging from 20 to 40 nm. Then, this PS film was kept in dewetting solution namely methylethylketone (MEK) to obtain the microlenses. Dimension of these microlenses was measured to be the order of 1–2 $\mu$m. The effect of various microlens parameters such as diameter and area fraction on light-extraction efficiency was systematically studied. Improvement of 4% in extraction efficiency was obtained by employing it on white light emitting diode. The area fraction of microlenses was increased up to 0.34 by reducing the spin speed. The light-extraction efficiency was further enhanced up to 7% uponincreasing the area fraction of microlenses.

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