Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 34 Issue 1 February 2011 pp 37-43
Poly(𝑝-phenylenediamine) (P𝑝PD)/carboxylic acid-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (𝑐-MWCNTs) nanocomposites were prepared by chemical oxidative polymerization using potassium persulfate (K2S2O8) as an oxidant. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE–SEM) and field-emission transmission electron microscopy (FE–TEM) showed that a tubular layer of P𝑝PD was coated on the surface of carbon nanotubes with a thickness of 10–20 nm. FT–IR analysis provided an evidence for the formation of nanocomposites. The thermal stability of nanocomposites was improved by addition of 𝑐-MWCNTs as confirmed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). XRD spectra showed that the crystalline nature of P𝑝PD was not affected much by the addition of 𝑐-MWCNTs. As the content of 𝑐-MWCNTs was increased, the electrical conductivity of the nanocomposites increased due to the interaction between polymer and nanotubes that enhances electron delocalization.
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