Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 32 Issue 2 April 2009 pp 149-153 Thin Films and Nanomatter
A facile aqueous solution route has been employed to synthesize Ba𝑥Sr1–𝑥SO4 (0 4 𝑥 ≤ 1) solid solution nanocrystals at room temperature without using any surfactants or templates. The as-synthesized products were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (XRF), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and differential scanning calorimetry–thermogravimetry (DSC–TG). The Ba𝑥Sr1–𝑥SO4 solid solution nanocrystals exhibit an orthorhombic structure and an ellipsoidal-shaped morphology with an average size of 80–100 nm. The lattice parameters of Ba𝑥Sr1–𝑥SO4 solid solution crystals increase with increasing x value. However, they are not strictly coincident with the Vegard’s law, which indicates that the as-obtained products are non-ideal solid solutions. The Ba𝑥Sr1–𝑥SO4 solid solution nanocrystals have an excellent thermal stability from ambient temperature to 1300°C with a structural transition from orthorhombic to cubic phase at about 1111°C.
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