Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 33 Issue 3 June 2010 pp 209-214 Thin Films and Nanomatter
The transparent ZnO thin films were prepared on Si(100) substrates by the sol–gel method. The structural and optical properties of ZnO thin films, submitted to an annealing treatment in the 400–700°C ranges are studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and UV-visible spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE). XRD measurements show that all the films are crystallized in the hexagonal wurtzite phase and present a random orientation. Three prominent peaks, corresponding to the (100) phase (2𝜃 ≈ 31.8°), (002) phase (2𝜃 ≈ 34.5°), and (110) phase (2𝜃 ≈ 36.3°) appear on the diffractograms. The crystallite size increases with increasing annealing temperature. These modifications influence the optical properties. The optical constants and thickness of the films have been determined by analysing the SE spectra. The optical bandgap has been determined from the extinction coefficient. We found that the refractive index and the extinction coefficient increase with increasing annealing temperature. The optical bandgap energy decreases with increasing annealing temperature. These mean that the optical quality of ZnO films is improved by annealing.
Volume 38 Issue 7 December 2015 pp 1673-1678
Ni–Fe alloy coatings were successfully prepared on carbon fibre (CF) surfaces bymeans of electroplating at 25°C for 560 s. The structures and morphologies of the composite were characterized using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The coercivity (𝐻𝑐) and saturation magnetization (𝐻𝑠) of the Fe0.45Ni0.55/CF composites were 45.19 Oe and 1513.59 emu g−1, respectively. The reflectivity of Fe0.45Ni0.55/CF composites was less than −5 dB over the range of 1.1–5.4 GHz. The reflectivity of Fe0.45Ni0.55/CF composites was less than −10 dB over the range of 1.6–2.1 GHz. The lowest reflectivity of the Fe0.45Ni0.55/CF composites was −14.7 dB at 2.0 GHz and the corresponding thickness was 3.3 mm.
Volume 42 | Issue 6
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