• YINGMING ZHAO

Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

• Quasi-solid sodium ions electrolyte of Na$_2$O−B$_2$O$_3$−SiO$_2$−H$_2$O system hydrated glass

Na$_2$O−B$_2$O$_3$−SiO$_2$−H$_2$O system hydrated glass with $T_{\rm g}$ ranges from $−$10 to 150$^{\circ}$C is synthesized by aqueouschemical methods and is applied to symmetrical cells as quasi-solid electrolyte. At the temperature around $T_{\rm g}$, the solid state transforms to quasi-solid state, whose mechanical property keeps like gel electrolyte, but the conductivity leaps from $5.31 \times 10^{−6}$ S cm$^{−1}$ to $5.43 \times 10^{−3}$ S cm$^{−1}$, much higher than most of the glass–ceramic electrolytes. As most of the solvated water is evaporated, H$_2$O left in the system distributes in the intervals as hydroxyl, which is much benefit to the ions transportation, and more important is to increase the voltage window to 2.24 V and even higher. The cycle performance is also researched. After 1000 circulations, there is still 65% capacity retention and no obvious damage is discovered in the electrolyte, which means much better cycle property of the electrolyte than gel electrolyte. Other compositions in the quasi-solid system including different contents of B$_2$O$_3$, Na$_2$SO$_4$ and m in sodium silicate NaO$_2$·mSiO$_2$ are also studied. In general, quasi-solid Na$_2$O−B$_2$O$_3$−SiO$_2$−H$_2$O system owns better conductivity and cycle performance than mostglass–ceramic solid electrolyte, and it is environment-friendly, inexpensive and practical to be used as sodium ions quasi-solid electrolyte.

• # Bulletin of Materials Science

Volume 44, 2021
All articles
Continuous Article Publishing mode

• # Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

Posted on October 12, 2020

Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
Chemical Sciences 2020