• YABING SUN

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Enhancement of the up-conversion luminescence performance of Ho$^{3+}$-doped 0.825K$_{0.5}$Na$_{0.5}$NbO$_3$-0.175Sr(Yb$_{0.5}$Nb$_{0.5}$)O$_3$ transparent ceramics by polarization

      YABING SUN HUA WANG CHANGRONG ZHOU LING YANG JIWEN XU

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      In this study, Ho$^{3+}$ doped 0.825K$_{0.5}$Na$_{0.5}$NbO$_3$-0.175Sr(Yb$_{0.5}$Nb$_{0.5}$)O$_3$ luminescence transparent ceramics were prepared via the traditional solid-state sintering method. The structure and optical properties of the ceramics before and after polarization were studied at 40 kV cm$^{-1}$ for 0.5 h. With the increase of Ho content, the phase structure of the ceramics changed from a pseudo-cubic phase to the tripartite and the orthorhombic phases, and the light transmittance decreased. The ceramics demonstrated an up-conversion luminescence characteristic under the excitation of a 980 nm laser, and the emission wavelengths were 550 and 670 nm. The best up-conversion luminescence performance was obtained when the Ho content was 0.1%. Moreover, the polarization markedly enhanced the luminescence performance of the 0.825K$_{0.5}$Na$_{0.5}$NbO$_3$-0.175Sr(Yb$_{0.5}$Nb$_{0.5}$)O$_3$-0.1%Ho ceramics due to the increased possibility of energy-level radiative transition of rare-earth Ho$^{3+}$ ions and reduction of the $E$$_g$ value of the ceramic.

    • Effects of Er$^{3+}$ doping on the structure and electro-optical properties of 0.94(K$_{0.5}$Na$_{0.5}$)NbO$_3$–0.06Sr(Zn$_{1/3}$Nb$_{2/3}$)O$_3$ ceramics

      JIANGTING WANG YABING SUN SHAOYANG SHI HUA WANG JIWEN XU LING YANG WEI QIU

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      The traditional solid-phase reaction method was used to dope the 0.94(k$_{0.5}$Na$_{0.5}$)NbO$_3$–0.06Sr(Zn$_{1/3}$Nb$_{2/3}$)O$_3$ (0.94KNN–0.06SZN) with rare-earth Er$^{3+}$, showing that the transparent ferroelectric ceramics have both up-conversion luminescence. Also the changes in the phase structure, optoelectronic properties of the ceramics after Er$^{3+}$ doping were investigated. The results show that the doping of Er$^{3+}$ has no significant effect on the phase structure, dielectric constant, coercivity field and residual polarization intensity of the ceramics. With the increase of Er$^{3+}$ content, the saturation polarization intensity shows a trend of decreasing and then increasing, and the dielectric constant first decreases and then stabilizes. The large amount of Er$^{3+}$ also greatly reduced the light transmission of the ceramics. In addition, the doping of Er$^{3+}$ gives the ceramics new properties. Under 980 nm laser excitation, the ceramics exhibit luminescent emission bands at 533, 554 nm (green) and 672 nm (red). The luminous intensity of the ceramic first strengthens with the increase of Er$^{3+}$ content and then weakens, and the strongest luminous intensity is obtained when the Er$^{3+}$ content is 1.00% mol. Transparent ferroelectric ceramics with light-emitting functions will have a broad application prospect in the field of photoelectric crossover.

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