• Xiaohong Zhang

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Catalytic property of TiO2/PS complex nanoparticles prepared via a novel TSM

      Bitao Su Xiaohong Zhang Zhanying Ma Peng Fei Jiaxing Sun Ziqiang Lei

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      With an average size of 7 nm and good catalytic property under the natural light, TiO2/PS complex nanoparticles were successfully prepared through a novel two-step method (TSM) from TiCl4, used as both the catalyst for polymerization of styrene and Ti source, and styrene monomer and characterized by TG-DTA, XRD, IR, TEM and UV-Vis techniques. Its catalytic property was evaluated by the decolourization and degradation of dye MB solution under the natural light. From its TEM, the particles with an average size of 7 nm were observed without the separation of TiO2 and PS phases, i.e., TiO2/PS was hybrid material in nanosize scale. IR spectrum of TiO2/PS showed increase of unsaturated degree and growth of the group C=O on the chain of PS and Ti–O–C coordination bond between TiO2 and PS. The nanosize of the TiO2/PS complex particles and the conjugated structure and polar groups of PS were advantageous to good adsorptive property and strong interaction of PS and TiO2. And they brought multi-functions of inorganic and organic materials in the single material. Catalytic experiments indicated that the complex nanoparticles could catalytically degrade dye MB solution in 10 min under the natural light while P25 basically showed adsorptive property for MB molecules under the same conditions.

    • Effects of calcination temperatures on the morphology, architecture and dielectric properties of BCZT ceramics

      RUI LIU YINGJIE QIAO XIAOHONG ZHANG CHEN-XI LU

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      (Ba$_{0.85}$Ca$_{0.15}$)(Zr$_{0.1}$Ti$_{0.9}$)O$_3$ (BCZT) ceramics were prepared by a simple sol–gel method. The effects of calcining temperature on the formation of BCZT ceramics were investigated in detail. The morphological changes and phase transformation of BCZT ceramics were analysed by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. It is found that the calcined temperature determines the formation of a crystal phase, crystallinity and grain size. For dielectric properties, dielectric constant was increased first, and then decreased with increasing calcination temperature, in which the maximumdielectric constant of 2732 was achieved at 650$^{\circ}$C under a low-frequency alternating electric field. This may be attributed to the high crystallinity, density and fewer surface defects of BCZT ceramics. The optimum calcination temperature helps to understand the dielectric properties, which indicates that BCZT ceramics are promising lead-free candidates for widely used lead-based piezoelectric materials.

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