• V M Pathak

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Photoelectrochemical solar cell fabrication with tungsten diselenide single crystals

      M K Agarwal V V Rao V M Pathak

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      Recent reports on highly efficient photoelectrochemical solar cells withn-type WSe2 have prompted us to grown-type single crystals of WSe2 using a chemical vapour transport method. Different transporting agents have been used. It is seen that SeCl4 transporter leads to very large single crystals ofp-type WSe2, whereas the same transporting agent with excess amount of Se leads ton-type single crystals. PEC solar cells fabricated withp-type andn-type crystals thus grown have been reported and the results discussed.

    • Effect of off-stoichiometry on properties of tin selenide crystals

      MOHIT TANNARANA G K SOLANKI K D PATEL V M PATHAK PRATIK PATANIYA

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      The tin selenide crystals with different proportions of Sn and Se were grown by a direct vapour-transport technique. The layer by layer growth of crystals from the vapour phase was promoted by screw dislocation mechanism. The powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) shows good crystallinity of grown compound. The XRD patterns of grown compounds are well-indexed to orthorhombic structure. In the off-stoichiometric compound, evidence of SnSe$_2$ secondary phase is observed due to excess of selenium. The morphological investigations were carried out using a Carl Zeiss optical microscope. The electron diffraction was also recorded from tiny flakes using a transmission electron microscope. The electrical resistivity both parallel and perpendicular to the c-axis was measured in the temperature range of 303–490 K and activation energy was also calculated using Arrhenius relation. The electrical study depicts the extrinsic semiconducting nature of grown compositions.

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