• VINAYAK B KAMBLE

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Synthesis, structure and thermoelectric properties of La$_{1−x}$Na$_x$CoO$_3$ perovskite oxides

      SUKANTI BEHERA VINAYAK B KAMBLE SATISH VITTA ARUN M UMARJI C SHIVAKUMARA

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      Monovalent ion doped lanthanum cobaltate La$_{1−x}$Na$_x$CoO$_3$ ($0 \leq x \leq 0.25$) compositions were synthesized by the nitrate–citrate gel combustion method. All the heat treatments were limited to below 1123 K, in order to retain the Na stoichiometry. Structural parameters for all the compounds were confirmed by the Rietveld refinement method usingpowder X-ray diffraction (XRD) data and exhibit the rhombhohedral crystal structure with space group R-3c (No. 167). Thescanning electron microscopy study reveals that the particles are spherical in shape and sizes, in the range of 0.2–0.5 $\mu$m.High temperature electrical resistivity, Seebeck coefficient and thermal conductivity measurements were performed on thehigh density hot pressed pellets in the temperature range of 300–800 K, which exhibit p-type conductivity of pristine anddoped compositions. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) studies confirm the monotonous increase in Co$^{4+}$ withdoping concentration up to $x = 0.15$, which is correlated with the electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient values of thesamples. The highest power factor of 10 $\mu$WmK$^{−2}$ is achieved for 10 at% Na content at 600 K. Thermoelectric figure ofmerit is estimated to be $\sim$$1 \times 10^{−2}$ at 780 K for 15 at% Na-doped samples.

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