• V Manivannan

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Synthesis and characterization of M3V2O8 (M = Ca, Sr and Ba) by a solid-state metathesis approach

      Purnendu Parhi V Manivannan Sandeep Kohli Patrick Mccurdy

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      A solid-state metathesis approach initiated by microwave energy has been successfully applied for the synthesis of orthovanadates, M3V2O8 (M = Ca, Sr, and Ba). The structural, vibrational, thermal, optical and chemical properties of synthesized powders are determined by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, magnetic property measurements and diffused reflectance spectra in the UV–VIS range. The direct bandgap of the synthesized materials was found to be 3.55 ± 0.2 eV, 3.75 ± 0.2 eV and 3.57 ± 0.2 eV for Ca3V2O8, Sr3V2O8 and Ba3V2O8, respectively.

    • Metathesis synthesis and characterization of complex metal fluoride, KMF3 (M = Mg, Zn, Mn, Ni, Cu and Co) using mechanochemical activation

      V Manivannan P Parhi Jonathan W Kramer

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      Metathesis synthesis of complex metal fluorides using mechanochemical activation has been reported. The high lattice energy of the byproduct KCl helps the reaction towards product formation in under 20 min. The proposed process, in contrast to the available methods of synthesis, is very rapid, economical and results in products with controlled morphology. The structural, optical and chemical properties of synthesized powders are determined by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, magnetization measurements and diffused reflectance spectra in the UV–VIS range.

    • Growth and characterization of pure and doped NLO L-arginine acetate single crystals

      P Praveen Kumar V Manivannan P Sagayaraj J Madhavan

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      Single crystals of pure, Cu2+ and Mg2+ doped L-arginine acetate (LAA) were grown successfully by slow evaporation technique. In order to improve the device characteristics of LAA crystals, metal dopants of Cu2+ and Mg2+ were incorporated into the parent crystals. The grown pure and doped crystals were confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction studies. The pure and doped crystals were characterized by Fourier transform Raman (FT–Raman) and thermal studies. Absorptions of these grown crystals were analysed using UV–Vis–NIR studies, and it was found that these crystals possess minimum absorption in the entire visible region. Nonlinear optical studies of pure and doped crystals were carried out and it reveals that the dopants have increased the efficiency of LAA crystals.

    • Solution combustion synthesis of (La, K) FeO3 orthoferrite ceramics: structural and magnetic property studies

      Manjunath B Bellakki V Manivannan

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      Polycrystalline La1–𝑥K𝑥FeO3 ceramic oxides were synthesized by a solution combustion process using glycine as a fuel. The synthesized ceramic powders were characterized for structural features applying characterization techniques such as powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and magnetic and optical property studies applying characterization techniques such as SQUID magnetometer and diffuse reflectance (DR). The changes in magnetic properties are correlated to changes in structural features resulting from Rietveld structural refinement.

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