Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Electromagnetic properties of nanocrystalline Al$^{3+}$ substituted MgCuMn ferrites synthesized by microwave hydrothermal method


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      The effect of Al$^{3+}$ substitution on electromagnetic properties has been studied for nanocrystalline Mg$_{0.8}$Cu$_{0.2}Mn$_{0.05}$Al$_x$Fe$_{1.95−x}$O$_4$ ferrites, wherein $x$ varies from 0 to 0.4 in steps of 0.1. These ferrites were synthesizedby using microwave hydrothermal method and then characterized using X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier transform infrared and transmission electron microscopy. The synthesized powders were densified using microwavesintering method at 950◦C/50 min. Structural and surface morphology of sintered samples were characterized using XRD and atomic force microscopy, respectively. The complex permittivity and permeability properties were measuredover a frequency range 100 Hz–1.8 GHz. The temperature variation of magnetic properties were measured in the temperature range of 300–650 K. The electrical and magnetization studies inferred that the values of d.c. resistivity increases by 27%, whereas saturation magnetization decreases linearly from 38.6 to 23.0 emu g$^{−1}$ and Curie temperature was found to be decreased from 628 to 513 K with an increase of Al$^{3+}$ ions. The low dielectric, magnetic losses, moderate saturation magnetization and high-temperature stability properties exhibited by Al$^{3+}$ substituted MgCuMn ferrites make them find applications in microwave devices, such as circulators and isolators etc. The applicability of present samples formicrowave devices has been tested by the measurement of ferromagnetic resonance linewidth at K$_a$ band.

    • Characterization and optimization of influence of MoS$_2$ hybridization on tribological behaviours of Mg–B$_4$C composites


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      Aerospace and automobile industries are facing challenges in developing lightweight materials with high corrosion and wear resistance. The magnesium (Mg) alloys are superior to their monolithics, as they have maximum strength-to-weight ratio. These challenges can be solved with application of Mg-based hybrid composites. Therefore, this study investigated the hybridizing effect of molybdenum disulphide (MoS$_2$) reinforcement on tribological performance of magnesium–boron carbide (Mg–B$_4$C) hybrid composites, fabricated by powder metallurgy technique. Wear tests under dry sliding condition were carried out on the prepared composite samples with different proportions/weight percentage (wt%), using a pin-on-disc apparatus. Mg, MoS$_2$, B$_4$C and their various composites were characterized, using X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis. The experiments were conducted using L$_{27}$ orthogonal array with five factors at three levels that affected the tribological performance. The wear resistance of the hybrid Mg–B$_4$C–MoS$_2$ composites significantly increased when compared with Mg–B$_4$C and Mg–MoS$_2$ composites, due to the refined effect of both reinforcements. Analysis of variance and grey-relational analysis result showed that increase in MoS$_2$, sliding distance ($D_{Sl}$) and load ($L_{Sl}$) significantly influenced the tribological performance of the hybrid composites. Mg–10wt%B$_4$C–5wt%MoS$_2$ exhibited significant best improvement on the multi-response tribological performance. The optimum quantity of MoS$_2$ reinforcement was around 7 wt%. Beyond this threshold proportion, wear was significantly increased, due to the agglomeration of MoS$_2$ particles. Hardness of the composites increased with hybridized reinforcements. SEM micrographs depicted the homogeneous dispersion of reinforcements in the Mg matrix. Also, SEM micrographs of the worn surfaces confirmed that delamination wear mechanism was dominant on the Mg hybrid composites.

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    • Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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