• Sukhen Das

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Effect of size of fly ash particle on enhancement of mullite content and glass formation

      Parveen Sultana Sukhen Das Biswajoy Bagchi Alakananda Bhattacharya Ruma Basu Papiya Nandy

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      Quartz is widely replaced by fly ash in traditional porcelain composite. Increased strength and stability of the fly ash-mixed composite depends on the quantity and crystallinity of the mullite phase in the fly ash. Our aim in this investigation is to increase the formation of mullite in nanocrystalline form and study the effect of temperature. Quantitative estimation of mullite and residual quartz content were done by Xray diffraction (XRD) and nanostructure and crystallization were studied using differential thermal analysis (DTA), field effect scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), XRD and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The results show that fly ash sieved through 250 holes/cm2 mesh contain more mullite initially and growth of mullite as well as glass formation was faster in this sample compared to coarse fly ash. The maximum mullite in these samples was formed at 1600°C. Transformation of quartz and cristobalite phases into glassy phase was also faster for smaller particle sizes of fly ash.

    • Electrical and dielectric properties of TiO2 and Fe2O3 doped fly ash

      Debasis Roy Parveen Sultana Subhajit Ghosh Sukhen Das Papiya Nandy

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      Electrical properties of ceramic materials has become an area of increasing interest in research because these materials possess a great potential for solid-state devices. Conducting polymer composites have attracted considerable interest in recent years because of their numerous applications in a variety of electric and electronic devices. It has been observed that these materials possess a very high relative dielectric constant and high electrical properties at room temperature. Such a high dielectric constant is one of the important parameters in capacitor fabrication and a high electrical conductivity can be used for ionic batteries and electrochemical sensors.

    • Anorthite porcelain: synthesis, phase and microstructural evolution

      Mousumi Pal Sukhen Das Swapan Kumar Das

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      In the present study, anorthite (CaAl2Si2O8) porcelain was fabricated using Ca(OH)2, Al(OH)3, quartz, aluminous cement and feldspar as raw materials. Two compositions were formulated (coded as CAQ and CFQ)and their physico-mechanical properties (%AP, BD, flexural strength) were studied and compared. CAQ (21.2 wt% Ca(OH)2, 44.5 wt% Al(OH)3 and 34.3 wt% quartz) shows very poor densification and strength even after heating at 1450° C, although anorthite formation is observed on heating it at various temperatures. On the other hand, CFQ (48.6 wt% aluminous cement, 29.37 wt% feldspar and 22.06 wt% quartz) achieved full densification and superior strength at 1450° C with more anorthite formation compared to CAQ. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscope studies were also carried out to analyse the phase and microstructure evolution. The coefficient of thermal expansion of the anorthite-based sample was found to be lower than quartz and mullite porcelain which suggests its application as cooking ware.

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