• Shivkumar Khaple

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Effect of cerium and thermomechanical processing on microstructure and mechanical properties of Fe–10.5Al–0.8C alloy

      R G Baligidad Shivkumar Khaple

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      The effect of cerium content and thermomechanical processing on structure and properties of Fe–10.5 wt.%Al–0.8 wt%C alloy has been investigated. Alloys were prepared by a combination of air induction melting with flux cover (AIMFC) and electroslag remelting (ESR). The ESR ingots were hot-forged and hotrolled at 1373 K as well as warm-rolled at 923 K and heat-treated. Hot-rolled, warm-rolled and heat treated alloys were examined using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction to understand the microstructure of these alloys. The ternary, Fe–10.5 wt.%Al–0.8 wt.%C alloy showed the presence of two phases; Fe–Al with bcc structure, and large volume fraction of Fe3AlC0.5 precipitates. Addition of cerium to Fe–10.5 wt.%Al–0.8 wt.%C alloy resulted in three phases, the additional phase being small volume fraction of fine cerium oxy-carbide precipitates. Improvement in tensile elongation from 3–6.4% was achieved by increasing the cerium content from 0.01–0.2 wt.% and further improvement in tensile elongation from 6.4–10% was achieved by warm-rolling and heat treatment.

    • Evolution of microstructure with increasing carbon content and its effect on mechanical properties of disordered iron–aluminium alloy


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      Correlation of microstructure and mechanical properties of hot-rolled Fe–7 wt.% Al with varying carbon contents has been investigated in detail. The microstructures of the alloys change significantly with an increase in the carboncontent. An alloy with 0.012 wt.% carbon shows a single ferrite phase, whereas with increase in carbon up to 0.65 wt.%, the microstructure evolves into a dual phase consisting of ferrite and $\kappa$-pearlite. At about 1.5 wt.% carbon, the alloy exhibits only $\kappa$-pearlite and with a further increase in carbon to 2.2 wt.%, an additional phase starts precipitating in the form of graphite. The room temperature tensile strength of the alloy increased significantly with an increase in the carbon content, which is in agreement with the microstructure. The yield strength and hardness of the steels with different carbon contents can becorrelated well with the inter-barrier spacing in different steels.

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