• Shashi Bhushan Singh

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Tuning luminescence intensity of RHO6G dye using silver nanoparticles

      Suchita Kalele Aparna C Deshpande Shashi Bhushan Singh S K Kulkarni

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The photoluminescence (PL) from rhodamine (RHO6G) dye dispersed in ethanol has been studied in the presence of different amounts of citrate stabilized silver nanoparticles of size, ∼10 nm. Enhancement as well as quenching of luminescence intensity has been observed and it was found that luminescence intensity can be tuned by adding various amounts of silver nanoparticles to the RHO6G dye dispersion. The luminescence spectra of dye consist of two peaks at 440 nm and 550 nm. Peak at 440 nm shows an enhancement in intensity at all the concentrations of added silver nanoparticles with the maximum intensity for dye with 0.25 ml silver nanoparticles (82% enhancement in the luminescence intensity). PL intensity of intense peak at 550 nm of dye molecules was found to be quenched in presence of silver nanoparticles and maximum quenching was found to be 41% for the dye with 1 ml silver nanoparticles. However, for lowest concentration of silver nanoparticles viz. (0.01 ml), enhancement in intensity was observed (13% enhancement than the dye molecules). The quenching as well as enhancement in the intensity can be understood by considering the possibility of three different phenomena. It has been reported earlier that when metal nanoparticles are in close proximity to the fluorophores, quenching of luminescence occurs, whereas when metal nanoparticles are located at certain distance, enhancement in luminescence is observed. This effect has been explained by coupling of surface plasmon resonance from metal nanoparticles with fluorophore, resulting in the increase of excitation and emission rate of the fluorophore in the localized electromagnetic field. The quenching and enhancement of luminescence intensity of the dye molecules can also be explained as the transfer of electrons from dye to the silver nanoparticles and to an extent it can be attributed to the aggregation of dye molecules upon addition of silver nanoparticles.

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