S M Kanetkar
Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 11 Issue 2-3 November 1988 pp 167-190
Recent results on high-power pulsed-laser-induced transformations at liquid-solid interface are described in the context of synthesis of new metastable phases of materials. Specifically two types of problems are reported: (i) laser-induced synthesis of compound film at liquid solid interface, this process being termed “reactive quenching”, and (ii) laser-induced alloying of layered structure under liquid medium wherein the reactive aspect plays the minimal role. So far the reactive quenching process has been studied for different metals, compounds and thin film sandwiches in various liquid ambients such as H2O, liquid ammonia (NH3), liquid N2 and benzene (C6H6). The identification of the metastable phases and the microstructural transformations therein subsequent to laser processing and thermal annealing have been brought out by employing a range of techniques such as conversion electron Mössbauer spectroscopy (CEMS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), etc. Laser-induced alloying of layered structure in liquid ambient has been investigated in case of Fe/Al and Fe/B systems. The possible mechanism which could be responsible for the observed effects is discussed on the basis of time-resolved reflectivity measurements.
Volume 14 Issue 2 April 1991 pp 435-441 International Conference On Superconductivity—I
Ion beam and thermally-induced interface reactions between high
Volume 14 Issue 2 April 1991 pp 443-449 International Conference On Superconductivity—I
Thin films of Y-Ba-Cu-O superconductor have been deposited on different substrates by pulsed excimer laser ablation from a superconducting pellet. The dependence of various process parameters such as substrate temperature, laser energy density, oxygen partial pressure, applied bias field and cooling rates on the quality of the films has been studied.
Volume 14 Issue 5 October 1991 pp 1249-1255
Non-contact processing technique involving the use of CW and pulsed CO2 laser irradiation has been used for reducing the core loss of cold-rolled grain-oriented silicon steel. Laser scribing perpendicular to the rolling direction resulted in a refinement of domain wall spacing which subsequently reduced the loss of silicon steel. It was found that laser irradiation was more effective in a specimen with higher magnetic induction (Hi-B) and the loss was reduced by more than 10% under optimum conditions of the laser irradiation and the scribing speed. Since laser processing is a non-contact technique, it can be easily applied to the production line of the silicon steel.
Volume 17 Issue 6 November 1994 pp 829-839
Diamond like carbon films and C-N films were prepared using ion beam assisted deposition technique (IBAD). Tribological properties were studied by subjecting DLC coated films to the accelerated wear tests. These tests indicated a significant improvement in the mechanical surface properties of glass by DLC coating. Better wear features were obtained for thinner DLC coating as compared to the thicker ones. We also studied the optical properties and obtained a band gap of 1·4 eV for these films. An attempt was made to prepare C3N4 films by using IBAD. We observed variation in the nitrogen incorporation in the film with the substrate temperature.
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