• S M KULKARNI

Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

• PDMS–ZnO flexible piezoelectric composites for measurement of muscle activity

Measurement of muscle activity is important for muscle health monitoring, biomechanics studies, developing prosthesis, etc. This article describes a flexible piezoelectric composite material as a sensing element for measuring muscle activity. The developed piezoelectric material is a composite of olydimethylsiloxane and zinc oxide, and exists in monolayer and bilayer configurations. To test the piezoelectric properties in bending mode, a composite patch is attached to a cantilever beam setup. Peak sinusoidal voltage generated from the composite material due to the vibrating cantilever is found to be highest (1.5 V) for bilayer configuration with 30 wt% ZnO. For testing in axial mode, the peak output voltage from the material due to an impulse load is maximum (0.9 V) for the monolayer configuration of the composite with 30 wt% ZnO. The sensor consisting of a bilayer composite patch is wrapped around a specific muscle to measure its activity. The change in output voltage from the sensor is measured for increasing load and is then mapped to the corresponding value of elastic modulus of the muscle measured using a durometer. The sensitivity of the muscle activity measurement for biceps brachii and flexor carpi is found to be 3.826 and 1.245 V MPa$^{-1}$, respectively.

• Physico-mechanical behavior of carbon black-infused polymer composite

This article deals with the development of polymer composites by incorporating carbon blacks (CBs) into polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) matrix material for improving the mechanical and physical properties of the polymer composites. CBs of nano-size were used as filler material in varying volume percentages (5–25%), and the polymer composite was processed by solution casting method. Density, elastic modulus and hardness were measured in order tostudy the effect of the CB-reinforced PDMS matrix. Experimentally obtained mechanical properties were then compared with the standard empirical model. Density of the polymer composite was increased by five times as compared to the pure polymer material. With the increase in volume percentage of CB, both hardness and elastic modulus of the polymer composites were enhanced. Scanning electron microscope images of the composite material showed uniform distribution of CBs, implying strong binding with the matrix material, which attributed to improved mechanical properties.

• # Bulletin of Materials Science

Volume 46, 2023
All articles
Continuous Article Publishing mode

• # Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

Posted on October 12, 2020

Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
Chemical Sciences 2020