• S Basu

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • CdTe photoelectrochemical solar cells—chemical modification of surfaces

      K C Mandal S Basu D N Bose

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      Chemical modification of bothn andp type CdTe has been found to improve the performance and stability of PEC solar cells. The surfaces, modified by Ru3+, have been examined by a variety of techniques. Modification results in enhanced barrier height at the surface due to the formation of a passivating oxide layer.

    • Bulk growth of gallium antimonide crystals by Bridgman method

      U N Roy S Basu

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      Gallium antimonide crystals were grown by the vertical Bridgman technique. Effects of ampoule diameter and dopant impurities (Te, P and In) on growth were studied. Crystal stoichiometry and homogeneity were verified with electron-probe microanalysis. Impurity distribution was investigated by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and electron probe micro analysis. Variations of etch pit density (EPD) along the length and the diameter were studied by image analysis method. Resistivity, mobility and carrier concentrations were measured along the length of the crystal.

    • Insulating ZnO film on silicon for MIS application

      A Dutta S Basu

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      High resistive zinc oxide thin film (∼ 0·5 µm) was deposited on single crystalp-silicon (100) wafers by an inexpensive spray-CVD method and was characterized both optically and electrically. Al/ZnO/Si (MIS) device structure was subsequently fabricated and bothI − V andC − V characteristics were studied. The semiconductor-insulator interface charge density (Dit) was calculated by Terman method and was found to be 3·85 × 1011 cm−2eV−1.

    • Electrical conductivity and luminescence of 9-chloro-10,10′-bis-(dichloromethyleno)-(9′H)-10,10′-dihydro-9,9′-bianthryl (CDDB)

      A K Chattopadhyay S Basu S Das N B Palit S C Chakraborty

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      The absorption and fluorescenc of 9-chloro-10,10′-bis-(dichloromethyleno)-(9′H)-10,10′-dihydro-9,9′-bianthryl (CDDB) has been studied in polar and nonpolar solvents and also in microcrystal. In polar solvents CDDB emits from two molecular forms, the normal charge transfer form (locally excited, LE form) and the solvent-induced twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) form. Electrically, CDDB possesses semiconducting property with conductivity approximately 10−9 S cm−1 and this conductivity further increases to 10−7 S cm−1 on photoexcitation. Intramolecular charge transfer by hopping mechanism is assumed to be the main process for controlling activation energy and electronic conduction.

    • Numerical simulations of fracture initiation in ductile solids under mode I, dynamic loading

      R Narasimhan S Basu

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      In this paper, an overview of some recent computational studies by the authors on ductile crack initiation under mode I, dynamic loading is presented. In these studies, a large deformation finite element procedure is employed along with the viscoplastic version of the Gurson constitutive model that accounts for the micro-mechanical processes of void nucleation, growth and coalescence. A three-point bend fracture specimen subjected to impact, and a single edge notched specimen loaded by a tensile stress pulse are analysed. Several loading rates are simulated by varying the impact speed or the rise time and magnitude of the stress pulse. A simple model involving a semi-circular notch with a pre-nucleated circular hole situated ahead of it is considered. The growth of the hole and its interaction with the notch tip, which leads to plastic strain and porosity localization in the ligament connecting them, is simulated. The role of strain-rate dependence on ductile crack initiation at high loading rates, and the specimen geometry effect on the variation of dynamic fracture toughness with loading rate are investigated.

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      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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