Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 6 Issue 3 July 1984 pp 417-452
In this paper a survey is given of the application of high resolution electron microscopy and selected area electron diffraction to the study of long range ordered alloys. The characteristic features of the diffraction effects and of the imaging of ordered alloys are discussed. Group theoretical considerations allow prediction of microtexture of such alloys.
A number of simple alloy structures are imaged and it is shown, by means of simulated images, that under suitable diffraction conditions the columns of minority atoms are represented as bright dots. The columns of majority atoms are only visible at very small thicknesses. Subsequently a number of one- and two-dimensional long period superstructures derived from these simple structures are analysed, using high resolution micrographs. Finally the observed microtexture of the same alloy superstructures is compared with the predictions of group theory. Strongly non-conservative antiphase boundaries are found to dissociate in
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