• SOUMEE CHAKRABORTY

Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

• Pressure-induced variations of medium-range order in B$_2$O$_3$ glasses

Lead-borate glasses manifest unique structure with lead oxide composition owing to their dual role of modifier and former. The medium-range signature from the first sharp diffraction peak (FSDP) in lead-borates exhibits substantial correlations due to the presence of superstructural units. Pressure plays an important role in altering bonding characteristics and hence structure in materials. To understand pressure-induced changes in the medium-range order (MRO) in lead-borate glasses, we have carried out high pressure X-ray diffraction studies in the FSDP region of these glasses up to 25 GPa. Two clear peaks, $q_0$ and $q_1$ are observed in all the modified glasses, below and above the position of the FSDP in pure B$_2$O$_3$ glass. This shows that lead oxide alters the FSDP and causes changes in the network structure at the MRO. $q_1$ exhibits an increase under compression, resulting in a reduction in correlation lengths for all glass compositions.The initial steep decrease is accompanied by a lower rate of reduction at higher pressures. This shows that correlations arising from structural voids in the boron matrix exhibit similar decrease for various lead oxide compositions.

• High pressure studies on core/shell amorphous carbon nanostructures

High pressure behaviour of core/shell amorphous carbon (a-C) nanostructures was studied using synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy up to ${\sim}$25 GPa. These nanostructures having spherical a-C shells with ${\gamma}$-Fe$_2$O$_3$ nanoparticles at the core were synthesized by catalyst-assisted lamp black method. The typical size of core (${\gamma}$-Fe$_2$O$_3$)/shell (a-C) is ${\sim}$5 nm/20 nm. Comparative XRD of the core (${\gamma}$-Fe$_2$O$_3$) in opened- and closed-shell (a-C) shows that the carbon shells do not fully transmit the applied high pressure inwards, under hydrostatic conditions. Raman spectroscopy shows that the graphitic G-mode blue shifts reversibly with applied pressure with a coefficient ${\sim}$3.5 cm$^{-1}$ GPa$^{-1}$, which is ${\sim}$25 to 40% less than that for graphite and carbon nanotubes. It is suggested that a rigid and crosslinked structure of the carbon shell might be lossy for the observed pressure drop.

• # Bulletin of Materials Science

Volume 46, 2023
All articles
Continuous Article Publishing mode

• # Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

Posted on October 12, 2020

Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
Chemical Sciences 2020