Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 38 Issue 5 September 2015 pp 1399-1405
Dielectric analysis of nanometre range size ceramic particles like TiO2 is very important in the understanding of the performance and design of their polymer nanocomposites for energy storage and other applications. In recent times, impedance spectroscopy is shown to be a very powerful tool to investigate the dielectric characteristics of not only sintered and/or pelleted ceramic materials but also particulates/powders (both micron-sized and nano-sized) using the slurry technique. In the present work, impedance spectroscopy employing slurry methodology was extended to study the influence of various chemical groups on the nano-TiO2 surface on the electrical resistivity and the dielectric permittivity of nanoparticles. In this regard, different organophosphate ligands with linear, aromatic and extended aromatic nature of organic groups were employed to remediate the surface effects of nanoTiO2. It was observed that the type of chemical nature of surface engineered nanoparticles’ surface played significant role in controlling the surface electrical resistivity of nanoparticles. Surface passivated nanoTiO2 yielded dielectric permittivity of about 70–80, respectively.
Volume 41 Issue 1 February 2018 Article ID 0013
Nanodielectrics are promising materials that can efficiently store a large amount of electrical energy that aredesirable for many electronic and power devices. Control of polymer–particle interface in nanodielectrics is very critical innot only obtaining the improved quality of dispersion but also in altering the dielectric properties. Various surface modifyingagents with linear (alkyl), aromatic (phenyl) and extended aromatic (naphthyl) chemical nature were employed at the epoxy–nanoTiO$_2$ interface. All the surface-modifying agents were successful in passivating the nanoparticles surface and in obtaining the improved quality of polymer–particle dispersion and improved glass transition temperature comparatively. However, allthe surface modifiers were not successful in obtaining the improved dielectric properties of the nanodielectrics, especiallydielectric breakdown resistance. Only the extended aromatic group at the polymer–particle interface, which is more electronwithdrawing in electronic nature than phenyl and alkyl structures, was successful in improving the dielectric breakdownresistance. Thus, the choice of surface-modifying agent based on its chemical and electronic nature is very important inoptimizing the dielectric properties of nanodielectrics. Naphthyl phosphate-modified nanoTiO$_2$–epoxy composite films of$\sim$90–100 $\mu$m thick at 5 vol% particle concentration yielded higher dielectric breakdown resistance than pure epoxy polymer and thereby resulted in about 90% higher electrical energy storage density than the pure epoxy film.
Volume 43, 2020
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