• S V Suryanarayana

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Dielectric behaviour and magnetoelectric effect in cobalt ferrite-barium titanate composites

      A Hanumaiah T Bhimasankaram S V Suryanarayana G S Kumar

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      Composites of BaTiO3 and CoFe2O4 have been prepared with various compositions by double sintering method. The presence of the two phases has been confirmed by XRD. Variation of dielectric constant with temperature in these samples has been studied. All the samples have shown linear magnetoelectric conversion in the presence of static magnetic field. The magnetoelectric effect (dE/dH) has been studied as a function of intensity of magnetic field. The maximum value of the conversion factor (dH/dH)max was found to be 0·16 mV/cm/Oe.

    • Studies on electrical properties of SrBi4Ti4−3xFe4xO15

      N Venkat Ramulu G Prasad S V Suryanarayana T Bhima Sankaram

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      The system SrBi4Ti4−3xFe4xO15 belonging to bismuth layer structured ferroelectric (BLSF) materials withx = 0, 0.1 and 0.2 has been prepared through solid-state double sintering method. Increase of iron content in SrBi4Ti4O15 resulted in densification of the samples. The normal puckering observed in the sample has been found to decrease and the lattice distortion increased. Dielectric measurements indicate the ferroelectric transition temperature of the samples to be 530°C, 560°C and 606°C. The increase of transition temperature with increasing iron content is correlated with lattice distortion. Conductivity measurements show two slopes and the activation energies have been found to increase with the iron content. Impedance spectroscopy measurements confirm insulating behaviour at lower temperatures. With increase in temperature the samples become conducting and show relaxational effects. The Cole-Cole plots at higher temperatures are found to be semicircles. The relaxation times decrease with the increase of iron content.

    • Effect of HIPing on conductivity and impedance measurements of DyBi5Fe2Ti3O18 ceramics

      N V Prasad G Prasad Mahendra Kumar S V Suryanarayana T Bhimasankaram G S Kumar

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      X-ray diffraction, a.c. impedance and conductivity (a.c. and d.c.) have been used to characterize DyBi5Fe2Ti3O18. Samples were prepared by solid state double sintering method. A few samples were also subjected to hot isostatic pressing (HIP) at 800°C for 2 h at 100 MPa pressure. The data on XRD, impedance and conductivity of two sets of samples are compared to understand study of effect of HIPing on the properties of DyBi5Fe2Ti3O18

    • Synthesis, impedance and dielectric properties of LaBi5Fe2Ti3O18

      N V Prasad G Prasad T Bhimasankaram S V Suryanarayana G S Kumar

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      The compound, LaBi5Fe2Ti3O18, is a five-layered material belonging to the family of bismuth layered structure ferroelectromagnetics. D.c. and a.c. conductivity measurements were performed on the samples. Dielectric measurements were also performed on these samples. Combined impedance and modulus plots were used as tools to analyse the sample behaviour as a function of frequency. Cole–Cole plots showed non-Debye relaxation.

    • Effect of lanthanum doping on electrical and electromechanical properties of Ba1–𝑥La𝑥TiO3

      M Aparna T Bhimasankaram S V Suryanarayana G Prasad G S Kumar

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      The effect of lanthanum doping is studied on ferroelectric properties of Ba1–𝑥La𝑥TiO3 with 𝑥 = 0.0005, 0.001, 0.003 prepared through solid state sintering route. Dielectric and impedance spectroscopic studies have been carried out. The tetragonal distortion of the unit cell decreased and ferroelectric transition temperature, 𝑇c increased with the increase of lanthanum content.

      Combined impedance and admittance spectroscopy was used to analyse impedance data. The electromechanical parameters were calculated from the resonant and anti-resonant frequencies from vector admittance plots. The electromechanical coefficients for Ba1–𝑥La𝑥TiO3 with 𝑥 = 0.003 were found to be much larger than that of pure barium titanate.

    • Impedance spectroscopy study of polycrystalline Bi6Fe2Ti3O18

      K Srinivas P Sarah S V Suryanarayana

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      The electrical properties of polycrystalline Bi6Fe2Ti3O18 are investigated by impedance spectroscopy in the temperature range 30–550°C. The imaginary part of impedance as a function of frequency shows Debye like relaxation. Impedance data are presented in the Nyquist plot which is used to identify an equivalent circuit and the fundamental circuit parameters are determined at different temperatures. The grain and grain-boundary contributions are estimated. The results of bulk a.c. conductivity as a function of temperature and frequency are presented. The activation energies for the a.c. conductivity are calculated. The polaron hopping frequencies are estimated from the a.c. conductivity data.

    • Dielectric properties of piezoelectric 3–0 composites of lithium ferrite/barium titanate

      P Sarah S V Suryanarayana

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      Piezoelectric 3–0 composite ceramics are prepared from a mixture of barium titanate and lithium ferrite phase constituents. Dielectric properties of composites are affected by a number of parameters that include electrical properties, size, shape and amount of constituent phases. The frequency dependent measurements can provide additional insight into mechanisms controlling electrical response. Frequency dependence of dielectric constant plots of lithium ferrite/barium titanate composites will be given and the relevance of trends seen in them will be discussed. Connectivity in composites developed is studied.

    • Magnetoelectric effect in metal–PZT laminates

      S Narendra Babu T Bhimasankaram S V Suryanarayana

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      Magnetoelectric (ME) composites are two-phase composites consisting of piezoelectric and piezomagnetic materials as the participating constituents. These magnetoelectric composites when placed under external magnetic field, show electrical polarization (magnetoelectric output). The ME coupling is mediated by mechanical stress. In the present study, we have synthesized Ni/PZT/Ni and Fe/PZT/Fe layered composites for studying their ME output by dynamic magnetoelectric set up in which both d.c. and a.c. magnetic fields can be varied. The ME output obtained in these composites are higher than those obtained in 40% Ni0.97Co0.03Mn0.01 Fe1.9O4 + 60% BaTi1.02O3.04. The results with varying d.c. and a.c. magnetic fields are presented.

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