• S Rajendran

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Characterization of plasticized PMMA-LiBF4 based solid polymer electrolytes

      S Rajendran T Uma

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      Polymer electrolyte films prepared from poly(methyl methacrylate) and LiBF4 with different concentrations of plasticizer (DBP) are described. The formation of polymer-salt complex has been confirmed by FTIR spectral studies. The temperature dependence of conductivity of polymer films seems to obey the VTF relation. Values of conductivities of the polymer complexes are presented and discussed.

    • Effect of ZrO2 on conductivity of PVC-PMMA-LiBF4-DBP polymer electrolytes

      S Rajendran T Uma

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      The preparation and characterization of composite polymer electrolytes of PVC-PMMA-LiBF4-DBP for different concentrations of ZrO2 have been investigated. FTIR studies indicate complex formation between the polymers, salt and plasticizer. The electrical conductivity values measured by a.c. impedance spectroscopy is found to depend upon the ZrO2 concentration. The temperature dependence of the conductivity of the polymer films seems to obey the VTF relation. The conductivity values are presented and results discussed.

    • Investigation on poly (vinylidene fluoride) based gel polymer electrolytes

      S Rajendran P Sivakumar Ravi Shanker Babu

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      An investigation is carried out on gel polymer electrolytes consisting of poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVdF) as a host polymer, lithium perchlorate (LiClO4), lithium triflate (LiCF3SO3) as salts and mixture of ethylene carbonate (EC) and propylene carbonate (PC) as plasticizers. Polymer thin films were prepared by solvent casting technique and the obtained films were subjected to different characterizations, to confirm their structure, complexation and thermal changes. X-ray diffraction revealed that the salts and plasticizers disrupted the crystalline nature of PVdF based polymer electrolytes and converted them into an amorphous phase. TG/DTA studies showed the thermal stability of the polymer electrolytes. The role of interaction between polymer hosts on conductivity is discussed using the results of a.c. impedance studies. Room temperature (28°C) conductivity of 2.786 × 10-3 Scm-1 was observed in PVdF (24)–EC/PC (68)–LiCF3SO3 (2)/LiClO4 (6) polymer system.

    • Effect of complexing salt on conductivity of PVC/PEO polymer blend electrolytes

      S Rajendran Ravi Shanker Babu M Usha Rani

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      Solid polymer electrolyte membrane comprising poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC), poly(ehylene oxide) (PEO) and different lithium salts (LiClO4, LiBF4 and LiCF3SO3) were prepared by the solution casting technique. The effect of complexing salt on the ionic conductivity of the PVC/PEO host polymer is discussed. Solid polymer electrolyte films were characterized by X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy, TG/DTA and ac impedance spectroscopic studies. The conductivity studies of these solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) films are carried out as a function of frequency at various temperatures ranging from 302 K to 353 K. The maximum room temperature ionic conductivity is found to be 0.079 × 10-4 S cm-1 for the film containing LiBF4 as the complexing salt. The temperature dependence of the conductivity of polymer electrolyte films seems to obey the Vogel–Tamman–Fulcher (VTF) relation.

    • Electrochemical analysis on poly(ethyl methacrylate)-based electrolyte membranes

      Chithra M Mathew B Karthika M Ulaganathan S Rajendran

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      Polymer blend composed of poly(vinyl chloride) and poly(ethyl methacrylate) with lithium perchlorate (LiClO4) and the plasticizer ethylene carbonate (EC) mixture with propylene carbonate, 𝛾-butyrolactone (GBL), dibutyl phthalate and diethyl carbonate have been synthesized using the solution casting technique. Structural changes and thermal stability of the films were resolved using X-ray diffraction analysis and thermogravimetric/differential thermal analysis, respectively. The membrane that contains EC+ GBL exhibits maximum ionic conductivity of the order of 1.208×10-3 S cm-1 at 303 K. The temperature-dependent ionic conductivity of the polymer membranes has been estimated using AC impedance analysis.

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