• S P Gaikwad

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Synthesis of nanocrystalline SnO2 powder at 100°C

      Sanjay R Dhage S P Gaikwad Violet Samuel V Ravi

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      A simple gel to crystal conversion route has been followed for the preparation of nanocrystalline SnO2 at 80–100°C under refluxing conditions. Freshly prepared stannic hydroxide gel is allowed to crystallize under refluxing and stirring conditions for 4–6 h. Formation of nano crystallites of SnO2 is confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) study. Transmission electron microscopic (TEM) investigations revealed that the average particle size is 30 nm for these powders.

    • Synthesis of nanocrystalline TiO2 by tartarate gel method

      S R Dhage S P Gaikwad V Ravi

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      A gel was formed when a mixture of TiOCl2 and tartaric acid was heated on a water bath. Ultrafine powders of TiO2 in the anatase phase were formed, when the gel was decomposed at 623 K and the mole ratio of tartaric acid to titanium was 2. The anatase phase was converted into rutile phase on annealing at higher temperatures, > 773 K. When initial ratio of titanium to tartaric acid was < 2, the decomposition of gel leads to the formation of mixed phases of rutile and anatase. However, pure rutile phase was not formed by the decomposition of gel for any ratio of tartaric acid and titanium. These powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and surface area measurements. The average particle size obtained for anatase phase was 3 nm whereas it was 30 nm for rutile phase. Raman scattering experiments were also performed to confirm both anatase and rutile phases.

    • Preparation of nanocrystalline ferroelectric BaNb2O6 by citrate gel method

      S P Gaikwad Violet Samuel Renu Pasricha V Ravi

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      A gel was formed when a aqueous solution of BaCl2, NbF5 and citric acid in stoichiometric ratio is heated on a water bath. This gel on decomposition at 600°C yielded the nano crystallites of BaNb2O6, as confirmed by X-ray diffraction study (XRD). This is a much lower temperature as compared to that prepared by traditional solid state method (1000°C) as reported for the formation of BaNb2O6. Transmission electron microscopic (TEM) investigations revealed that the average particle size is 50 nm for the calcined powders. The room temperature dielectric constant at 1 kHz is found to be 1000. The ferroelectric hysteresis loop parameters of these samples were also studied.

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