• S M Rozati

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • An economic CVD technique for pure SnO2 thin films deposition: Temperature effects

      M Maleki S M Rozati

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      A modified new method of CVD for formation of pure layers of tin oxide films was developed. This method is very simple and inexpensive and produces films with good electrical properties. The effect of substrate temperature on the sheet resistance, resistivity, mobility, carrier concentration and transparency of the films has been studied. The best sheet resistance obtained at substrate temperature of 500 ◦C was about 27 𝛺/cm2. X-ray diffraction showed that the structure of deposited films was polycrystalline with a grain size between 150–300 Å. The preferred orientation was (211) for films deposited at substrate temperature of about 500 °C. FESEM micrographs revealed that substrate temperature is an important factor for increasing grain size and modifies electrical parameters. UV-visible measurement showed reduction of transparency and bandgap of the layers with increasing substrate temperature.

    • Characterization of molybdenum-doped indium oxide thin films by spray pyrolysis technique

      S M Rozati Z Bargebidi

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      In this research, indium oxide nanostructure undoped and doped with Mo were prepared on glass substrates using spray pyrolysis technique. Various parameters such as dopant concentration and deposition temperatures were studied. Structural properties of these films were investigated by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Electrical and optical properties have been studied by Hall effect and UV–Visible spectrophotometer, respectively. The thickness of the films was determined by PUMA software. The variation of refractive index, extension coefficient and bandgap of these films also were investigated.

    • Structural, optical and electrical properties of ZnO thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis: Effect of precursor concentration

      F Zahedi R S Dariani S M Rozati

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      ZnO thin films have been prepared using zinc acetate precursor by spray pyrolytic decomposition of zinc acetate on glass substrates at 450 °C. Effect of precursor concentration on structural and optical properties has been investigated. ZnO films are polycrystalline with (002) plane as preferential orientation. The optical transmission spectrum shows that transmission increases with decrease in the concentration and the maximum transmission in visible region is about 95% for ZnO films prepared with 0.1 M. The direct band-gap value decreases from 3.37 to 3.19 eV, when the precursor concentration increases from 0.1 to 0.4 M. Photoluminescence spectra at room temperature show an ultraviolet (UV) emission at 3.26 eV and two visible emissions at 2.82 and 2.38 eV. Lowest resistivity is obtained at 2.09 𝛺 cm for 0.3 M. The current–voltage characteristic of the ZnO thin films were measured in dark and under UV illumination. The values of photocurrent and photoresponsivity at 5 V are increased with increase in precursor concentration and reaches to maximum value of 1148 𝜇A and 0.287 A/W, respectively which is correlated to structural properties of ZnO thin films.

    • Optical and morphological investigation of aluminium and nickel oxide composite films deposited by spray pyrolysis method as a basis of solar thermal absorber

      A Bagheri Khatibani S M Rozati

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      Applications of alumina and nickel oxide in various fields specially in solar energy conversion technology encouraged us to study physical properties of such materials. Hence after the deposition of the thin films on glass substrate by spray pyrolysis, using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and UV–visible spectrophotometry, various physical properties were investigated. Different optical quantities such as optical band gap, refractive index, extinction coefficient, dielectric constants, volume and surface energy loss functions and optical conductivity were determined. Within this paper for different nickel to aluminium ratio (from 20/80 to 80/20 ratio) at specific substrate temperatures (300°C), decrease of optical transmittance with nickel content was notable. Using the transmittance data, other optical quantities were achieved by a numerical approximation method. We also observed an increase in the volume energy loss (VELF) more than the surface energy loss (SELF) and simultaneously a decrease trend prevailed according to nickel amount. On the basic of the XRD results, the amorphous phase changed by the presence of more nickel and according to SEM, more obvious nanosized spherical grains at higher nickel ratios can be observed.

    • Spray pyrolytically grown NiAlOx cermets for solar thermal selective absorbers: spectral properties and thermal stability

      A Bagheri Khatibani S M Rozati

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      After deposition of NiAlOx thin films on stainless-steel substrates by the spray pyrolysis technique, various properties of the films were investigated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, UV–visible reflectance spectrophotometry, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Optical quantities were determined using reflectance spectra in the relevant spectrum region. At first the optimal substrate temperature was selected and then different nickel to aluminium ratios were examined to find the efficient solar absorber. The SEM revealed changes in morphology due to different molar ratios. The XRD of the selected sample showed a mixture of nickel and nickel oxide phases with the strong presence of substrate peaks and without the presence of alumina phase while in the EDX test the peaks corresponding to O, Al and Ni appeared. Long-term thermal stability study was performed by means of performance criterion concept.

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    • Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

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      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

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