S K Rout
Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 28 Issue 3 June 2005 pp 275-279 Electrical Properties
The ceramics, SrTiO3 (ST) and 0.4, 0.8 atom% Ni doped SrTiO3, were prepared by solid state reaction route. The average grain size of undoped and doped samples was measured and found to be 1.2, 1.9 and 3.7 𝜇m, respectively. The impedance measurements were conducted at 400–600°C to separate grain and grain boundary contributions. The grain and grain boundaries relaxation frequencies were shifted to higher frequency with temperature. Bulk resistance of doped and undoped ST ceramics was more or less the same. Single grain boundary resistance of doped sample was higher than that of undoped one, indicating that GB resistance increases with acceptor doping. Activation energies were calculated to confirm the same.
Volume 31 Issue 6 November 2008 pp 897-901 Ceramics
Ba0.5Sr0.5Ti0.6Zr0.4O3 ceramic has been prepared through solid state reaction route. X-ray diffraction shows that the sample has cubic perovskite structure with space group 𝑃𝑚–3𝑚 at room temperature. Temperature dependent dielectric study of the ceramic has been investigated in the frequency range 50 Hz–1 MHz. The density of the sample is determined using Archimedes’ principle and is found to be ∼99% of X-ray density. The dielectric study revealed diffuse phase transition of second order. A broad dielectric anomaly coupled with the shift of dielectric maxima toward a higher temperature with increasing frequency indicates the relaxor-type behaviour in the ceramics. The index of relaxation (𝛾) and the broadening parameter (𝛥) were estimated from a linear fit of the modified Curie–Weiss law. The value of 𝛾 ∼ 1.72 indicates the strong relaxor nature of the ceramic. A remarkably good fit to the Vogel–Fulcher relation further supports such a relaxor nature.
Volume 32 Issue 1 February 2009 pp 65-76 Composites
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Volume 35 Issue 2 April 2012 pp 197-202
Bismuth sodium titanate, Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 (BNT) is considered to be an excellent candidate for a key material of lead-free dielectric ceramics. In this study, we propose the dielectric and optical study of single phase BNT powder prepared by solid-state reaction route. The phase formation and structural study were done by X-ray diffraction (XRD) which shows well developed crystallite with a pure perovskite phase. The ceramic was sintered at different temperatures from 1050°C to 1175°C to study the effect of sintering temperature on the morphology and density. It was found that the sample sintered at 1150°C shows the highest density. The microstructure of the ceramic was investigated by scanning electron microscopic (SEM) technique. The temperature-dependent dielectric study of the sample sintered at 1150°C was done in the frequency range of 50 kHz–1 MHz which shows a diffuse phase transition. The piezoelectric constant (𝑑33) was found to be 41 pCN-1. The P–E hysteresis loop confirms the ferroelectric behaviour in the ceramic. The UV–Vis spectrum indicated that the Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 ceramic has an optical band gap of 2.94 eV.
Volume 42 | Issue 6
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