• S K Kulkarni

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Nucleation and growth of a multicomponent metallic glass

      Arun Pratap K G Raval Ajay Gupta S K Kulkarni

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      The metallic glass samples of Fe67Co18B14Si1 (2605CO), prepared by the melt spinning technique were procured from the Allied Corporation. The kinetics of crystallization of this multicomponent glassy alloy is studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The crystallization data have been examined in terms of modified Kissinger and Matusita equations for the nonisothermal crystallization. The results show enhanced bulk nucleation in general. At high heating rates added to it is surface induced abnormal grain growth resulting in fractal dimensionality.

    • Diamond like carbon coatings deposited by microwave plasma CVD: XPS and ellipsometric studies

      R M Dey M Pandey D Bhattacharyya D S Patil S K Kulkarni

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      Diamond-like carbon (DLC) films were deposited by microwave assisted chemical vapour deposition system using d.c. bias voltage ranging from –100 V to –300 V. These films were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and spectroscopic ellipsometry techniques for estimating 𝑠𝑝3/𝑠𝑝2 ratio. The 𝑠𝑝3/𝑠𝑝2 ratio obtained by XPS is found to have an opposite trend to that obtained by spectroscopic ellipsometry. These results are explained using sub-plantation picture of DLC growth. Our results clearly indicate that the film is composed of two different layers, having entirely different properties in terms of void percentage and 𝑠𝑝3/𝑠𝑝2 ratio. The upper layer is relatively thinner as compared to the bottom layer.

    • Tuning luminescence intensity of RHO6G dye using silver nanoparticles

      Suchita Kalele Aparna C Deshpande Shashi Bhushan Singh S K Kulkarni

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      The photoluminescence (PL) from rhodamine (RHO6G) dye dispersed in ethanol has been studied in the presence of different amounts of citrate stabilized silver nanoparticles of size, ∼10 nm. Enhancement as well as quenching of luminescence intensity has been observed and it was found that luminescence intensity can be tuned by adding various amounts of silver nanoparticles to the RHO6G dye dispersion. The luminescence spectra of dye consist of two peaks at 440 nm and 550 nm. Peak at 440 nm shows an enhancement in intensity at all the concentrations of added silver nanoparticles with the maximum intensity for dye with 0.25 ml silver nanoparticles (82% enhancement in the luminescence intensity). PL intensity of intense peak at 550 nm of dye molecules was found to be quenched in presence of silver nanoparticles and maximum quenching was found to be 41% for the dye with 1 ml silver nanoparticles. However, for lowest concentration of silver nanoparticles viz. (0.01 ml), enhancement in intensity was observed (13% enhancement than the dye molecules). The quenching as well as enhancement in the intensity can be understood by considering the possibility of three different phenomena. It has been reported earlier that when metal nanoparticles are in close proximity to the fluorophores, quenching of luminescence occurs, whereas when metal nanoparticles are located at certain distance, enhancement in luminescence is observed. This effect has been explained by coupling of surface plasmon resonance from metal nanoparticles with fluorophore, resulting in the increase of excitation and emission rate of the fluorophore in the localized electromagnetic field. The quenching and enhancement of luminescence intensity of the dye molecules can also be explained as the transfer of electrons from dye to the silver nanoparticles and to an extent it can be attributed to the aggregation of dye molecules upon addition of silver nanoparticles.

    • Optical and mechanical properties of diamond like carbon films deposited by microwave ECR plasma CVD

      S B Singh M Pandey N Chand A Biswas D Bhattacharya S Dash A K Tyagi R M Dey S K Kulkarni D S Patil

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      Diamond like carbon (DLC) films were deposited on Si (111) substrates by microwave electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma chemical vapour deposition (CVD) process using plasma of argon and methane gases. During deposition, a d.c. self-bias was applied to the substrates by application of 13.56 MHz rf power. DLC films deposited at three different bias voltages (–60 V, –100 V and –150 V) were characterized by FTIR, Raman spectroscopy and spectroscopic ellipsometry to study the variation in the bonding and optical properties of the deposited coatings with process parameters. The mechanical properties such as hardness and elastic modulus were measured by load depth sensing indentation technique. The DLC film deposited at –100 V bias exhibit high hardness (∼ 19 GPa), high elastic modulus (∼ 160 GPa) and high refractive index (∼ 2.16–2.26) as compared to films deposited at –60 V and –150 V substrate bias. This study clearly shows the significance of substrate bias in controlling the optical and mechanical properties of DLC films.

    • X-ray reflectivity study of bias graded diamond like carbon film synthesized by ECR plasma

      R M Dey S K Deshpande S B Singh N Chand D S Patil S K Kulkarni

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      Diamond like carbon (DLC) coatings were deposited on silicon substrates by microwave electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma CVD process using plasma of Ar and CH4 gases under the influence of negative d.c. self bias generated on the substrates by application of RF (13.56 MHz) power. The negative bias voltage was varied from −60 V to −150 V during deposition of DLC films on Si substrate. Detailed X-ray reflectivity (XRR) study was carried out to find out film properties like surface roughness, thickness and density of the films as a function of variation of negative bias voltage. The study shows that the DLC films constituted of composite layer i.e. the upper sub surface layer followed by denser bottom layer representing the bulk of the film. The upper layer is relatively thinner as compared to the bottom layer. The XRR study was an attempt to substantiate the sub-plantation model for DLC film growth.

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