• S Das

Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

• 3-D mapping with ellipsometrically determined physical thickness/refractive index of spin coated sol–gel silica layer

Precursor sol for sol–gel silica layer was prepared from the starting material, tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS). The sol was deposited onto borosilicate crown (BSC) glass by the spinning technique (rpm 2500). The gel layer thus formed transformed to oxide layer on heating to 450°C for ∼ 30 min. The physical thicknessand the refractive index of the layer were measured ellipsometrically (Rudolph Auto EL II) at 632.8 nm. About 10 × 10 mm surface area of the silica layer was chosen for evaluation of thickness and refractive index values at different points (121 nos.) with 1 mm gap between two points. Those data were utilized in the Autolisp programme for 3-D mapping. Radial distribution of the evaluated values was also displayed.

• Effect of heat treatment on properties of steam cured fly ash–lime compacts

Four different varieties of class F fly ashes, collected from different sources from the state of West Bengal (India) were mixed with lime in 9 : 1 wt ratio, followed by compaction of the mixes. The compacts were subjected to steam curing to develop an optimum strength by the reaction between fly ash and lime. The steam cured compacts were heated at different elevated temperatures and free lime content, compressive strength, bulk density and water absorption tendency of these compacts were measured and FTIR spectral changes were studied as a function of the heating temperatures. Kinetics of thermal dehydration of the compacts was also studied from thermogravimetric measurements under non-isothermal condition to ascertain the order of dehydration process and the associated activation energy.

• Prospects of microwave processing: An overview

Microwave processing has been emerging as an innovative sintering method for many traditional ceramics, advanced ceramics, specialty ceramics and ceramic composites as well as polymer and polymer composites. Development of functionally gradient materials, joining, melting, fibre drawing, reaction synthesis of ceramics, synthesis of ceramic powder, phosphor materials, whiskers, microtubes and nanotubes, sintering of zinc oxide varistors, glazing of coating surface and coating development have been performed using microwave heating. In addition, microwave energy is being explored for the sintering of metal powders also. Ceramic and metal nanopowders have been sintered in microwave. Furthermore, initiatives have been taken to process the amorphous materials (e.g. glass) by microwave heating. Besides this, an attempt has been made to study the heating behaviour of materials in the electric and magnetic fields at microwave frequencies. The research is now focused on the use of microwave processing for industrial applications.

• Prospects of microwave processing: An overview

Microwave processing has been emerging as an innovative sintering method for many traditional ceramics, advanced ceramics, specialty ceramics and ceramic composites as well as polymer and polymer composites. Development of functionally gradient materials: joining; melting; fibre drawing; reaction synthesis of ceramics; synthesis of ceramic powder, phosphor materials, whiskers, microtubes and nanotubes; sintering of zinc oxide varistors; glazing of coating surface and coating development have been performed using microwave heating. In addition, microwave energy is being explored for the sintering of metal powders also. Ceramic and metal nanopowders have been sintered in microwave. Furthermore, initiatives have been taken to process the amorphous materials (e.g. glass) by microwave heating. Besides this, attempt has been made to study the heating behaviour of materials in the electric and magnetic fields at microwave frequencies. The research is now focused on the use of microwave processing for industrial applications.

• A comprehensive study on the effect of Ru addition to Pt electrodes for direct ethanol fuel cell

The electro-oxidation of ethanol was studied over nanosized Pt and different compositions of PtRu catalysts synthesized by the borohydride reduction method. Physicochemical characterizations of the catalyst material were made by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with EDX analysis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). XRD patterns showed that Ru induces a contraction of the Pt lattice. EDX provided the composition of binary catalysts while TEM images indicated uniform distribution of discrete nanoparticle of the catalysts with narrow range. The electro-catalytic activities of the materials towards ethanol oxidation were investigated through electrochemical techniques, viz. cyclic voltammetry (CV), potentiodynamic polarization, chronoamperometry (CA) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) at room temperature. The onset potential of ethanol electro-oxidation is lowered on bimetallic PtRu catalysts compared to that on Pt alone. Of the investigated catalyst compositions the one with the highest electrocatalytic activity was found to be Pt82Ru18. This enhancement towards ethanol oxidation is explained on the basis of a structural effect and modified bi-functional mechanism.

• Low-temperature localization in the transport properties of self-doped La$_{0.9}$Mn$_{0.98}$Zn$_{0.02}$O$_3$

Low-temperature transport properties are investigated in the self-doped compound, La$_{0.9}$Mn$_{0.98}$Zn$_{0.02}$O$_3$. The analysis of the low-temperature resistivity is performed considering various scattering mechanisms. The parameters involved with different scattering processes such as electron–electron, Kondo, electron–phonon and electron–magnon are found to be strongly influenced by the applied magnetic field. The results suggest that interplay between electron–electron and Kondo-like scatterings lead to the localization in the temperature dependence of resistivity at low temperature.

• # Bulletin of Materials Science

Volume 43, 2020
All articles
Continuous Article Publishing mode

• # Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

Posted on July 25, 2019