Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 28 Issue 5 August 2005 pp 477-481 Thin Films
The synthesis of ultrafine MoO3 through a self-propagating combustion route employing polyethylene glycol as fuel is reported. The precursor molybdenum oxalate is employed in this study for the conversion of the precursor to ultrafine MoO3 particles. The solvent casting method is adopted for the synthesis of MoO3 dispersed polyvinyl alcohol nanostructured film (MoO3–PVA). These synthesized MoO3 and their composite samples are characterized for their structure, morphology, bonding and thermal behaviour by XRD, SEM, IR and DSC techniques, respectively. The distribution of MoO3 in polyvinyl alcohol gives a crystalline polymer, a compact structure and an increase in glass transition temperature.
Volume 28 Issue 7 December 2005 pp 713-718 Composites
Solid adsorbents have shown great promise for control of particulate and non-particulate matter and as gas sensing devices in recent times. In the present study, adsorption of environmental toxic pollutant such as lead ions on solid adsorbents viz. 𝛼-Fe2O3 and fly ash, are reported. Considerable adsorption was observed on fly ash when compared to 𝛼-Fe2O3 surface. These studies are characterized by employing solid state and solution studies.
Volume 33 Issue 1 February 2010 pp 1-6 Thin Films and Nanomatter
New combustion synthetic route for the synthesis of nanosized 𝛾-Fe2O3 by microwave-assisted route is reported. X-ray density, tap density and powder density of prepared 𝛾-Fe2O3 are calculated. Adsorption study of Pb2+ on combustion derived nanosized 𝛾-Fe2O3 is studied by dynamic method. The 𝛾-Fe2O3 structure and lead adsorbed 𝛾-Fe2O3 (Pb-𝛾-Fe2O3) are studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Additional lead peaks in Pb-𝛾-Fe2O3 sample pattern confirm the lead adsorption. Morphology of as prepared 𝛾-Fe2O3 and Pb-𝛾-Fe2O3 is studied by scanning electron micrograph (SEM) technique. Varied morphology for Pb-𝛾-Fe2O3 compared to its 𝛾-Fe2O3 is observed. Variation of bonding in Pb-𝛾-Fe2O3 sample due to lead adsorption is viewed by infrared spectroscopic (IR) technique. Energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX) is scanned for the lead adsorbed 𝛾-Fe2O3 to know the presence of lead on 𝛾-Fe2O3 surface. The eluent lead solution is characterized by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) and solution conductivity (SC). Reduction in the concentration and increase in conductance of eluent lead solution is observed. The potential use of solid adsorbents for the adsorption of heavy metal pollutants is envisaged in the present work.
Volume 34 Issue 7 December 2011 pp 1313-1317
Nanometer-sized 𝛼-Fe2O3 particles have been prepared by a simple solvothermal method using ferric acetylacetonate as a precursor. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDAX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transition electron microscopy (TEM), infrared spectroscopy (IR) and thermal analysis (TG–DTA). XRD indicates that the product is single-phase 𝛼-Fe2O3 with rhombohedral structure. Bundles of acicular shaped nanoparticles are seen in TEM images with an aspect ratio ∼ 12; typically 8–12 nm wide and over 150 nm long. The 𝛼-Fe2O3 nanoparticles posses a high thermal stability, as observed on thermal analysis traces.
Volume 34 Issue 7 December 2011 pp 1319-1323
The barium ferrite particles were prepared using a self-propagating low-temperature combustion method using polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a fuel. The process was investigated with simultaneous thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis (TG–DTA). The crystalline structure, morphology and the magnetic properties of the barium ferrite particles were studied by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and SQUID susceptometer. The results show that the ignition temperature of PEG is lower compared with other combustion methods and gives nanocrystalline barium ferrite.
Volume 34 Issue 7 December 2011 pp 1325-1330
The self-propagating low-temperature combustion method was used to produce nanocrystalline particles of zinc ferrite. The products were characterized for chemical and phase composition, morphology and magnetic properties. The results obtained showed the formation of single-phase zinc ferrite nanoparticles with an average particle size of about 40 nm. As-synthesized powder displayed good magnetic property. Due to the simplicity and low cost of this process, it could also become a valuable starting point for the generation of other mixed and complex ferrites.
Volume 42 | Issue 6
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