• R V Iyer

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Crystallographic data on axially compressed Kevlar 49 fibres

      R V Iyer Kalyani Vijayan K Sooryanarayana T N Guru Row

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      Axially compressed Kevlar 49 fibres have been examined by X-ray diffraction methods. The most prominent effect of axial compression is the anisotropic deformation of the unit cell. Whereas thec-axial length, which corresponds to the chain axis, undergoes contraction, the basal plane dimensions manifest enlargement. The deformations increase with the extent of axial compression. The half-widths and the azimuthal spread of reflections also exhibit changes. The compression induced structural changes provide qualitative support to the experimentally observed reduction in tensile strength and modulus.

    • Decomposition behaviour of Kevlar 49 fibres: Part I. AtTTd

      R V Iyer Kalyani Vijayan

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      The structural changes which accompany decomposition of Kevlar 49 fibres atT=500°C and 550°C, respectively, have been elucidated. At both these temperatures, cumulative thermal exposures of specific durations,tcum(T), are required to result in decomposition. The conspicuous features which characterize isothermal decomposition of the fibres are: (i) progressive reduction and an eventual total loss in fibre crystallinity, (ii) progressive loss in weight, (iii) introduction of surface damages, (iv) introduction of hollowness, and (v) deterioration in tensile properties.

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