• RAJAN CHOUDHARY

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • In vitro bioactivity studies of larnite and larnite/chitin composites prepared from biowaste for biomedical applications

      RAJAN CHOUDHARY SENTHIL KUMAR VENKATRAMAN ANJALI RANA SASIKUMAR SWAMIAPPAN

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      Larnite (Ca$_2$SiO$_4$) was synthesized by the sol–gel combustion process by using raw eggshell powder as a calcium source and urea as a fuel. The main focus of this work is to convert biowaste into a biomedical material ata low-processing temperature. X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern confirms the phase purity of the larnite and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra confirms the presence of characteristic functional groups of larnite. Scanningelectron microscopy (SEM) image shows agglomerated particles with cauliflower-like morphology and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) confirms the presence of the stoichiometric ratio of required elements. Atomicforcemicroscope (AFM) images reveal the presence of pores on the surface of spherical particles. Larnite/chitin composites were fabricated into scaffold with different ratios of bioceramic to biopolymer (70:30, 80:20) to investigatethe influence of the polymer content on the apatite formation ability in simulated body fluid (SBF) medium. XRDpattern and FTIR spectra of the scaffold immersed in SBF shows apatite deposition within 5 days. The deposition ofhydroxyapatite (HAP) on the scaffold surface increases with the increase in polymer content of the composite.

    • Wollastonite/forsterite composite scaffolds offer better surface for hydroxyapatite formation

      R LAKSHMI RAJAN CHOUDHARY DEEPALEKSHMI PONNAMMA KISHOR KUMAR SADASIVUNI SASIKUMAR SWAMIAPPAN

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      The present work deals with a comparative study of ceramic/ceramic composites for the development of scaffolds for biomedical applications.Wollastonite and forsterite were synthesized by a sol–gel combustion method. The influence of constituents and composition on apatite deposition was studied by fabricating wollastonite/forsterite composites. The X-ray diffraction pattern explains the bone like-apatite deposition within early stages of immersion. The atomic force microscopy micrographs revealed that with an increase in wollastonite content in the composites the roughnesswas enhanced.Dissolutionstudies further confirmed the rapid consumption of Ca and P ions from the simulated body fluid. Hence, apatite formation was observed to be more on the surface of a composite containing a higher amount of wollastonite. The results suggest that composites have more influence on the biomineralization activity when compared with pure bioceramics.

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