Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 34 Issue 4 July 2011 pp 689-698
This paper reports the synthesis of SnO2–CuO, SnO2–Fe2O3 and SnO2–SbO2 composites of nano oxides and comparative study of humidity sensing on their electrical resistances. CuO, Fe2O3 and SbO2 were added within base material SnO2 in the ratio 1 : 0.25, 1 : 0.50 and 1 : 1. Characterizations of materials were done using SEM and XRD. SEM images show the surface morphology and X-ray diffraction reveals the nanostructure of sensing materials. The pellets were annealed at 200, 400 and 600°C respectively for 3 h and after each step of annealing, observations were carried out. It was observed that as relative humidity (%RH) increases, there was decrease in the resistance of pellet for the entire range of RH. Results were found reproducible. SnO2–SbO2 shows maximum sensitivity for humidity (12 M𝛺/%RH) among other composites.
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