• Pallav Gupta

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Structural and mechanical behaviour of 5% Al2O3-reinforced Fe metal matrix composites (MMCs) produced by powder metallurgy (P/M) route

      Pallav Gupta Devendra Kumar Om Parkash A K Jha

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      The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of sintering temperature and time on the properties of Fe–Al2O3 composite (5 wt% Al2O3; 95 wt% Fe) prepared by powder metallurgy process. X-ray diffraction, microstructure, density, hardness and compressive strength of prepared samples have been investigated. XRD studies show the presence of Fe and Al2O3 along with iron aluminate phase. Iron aluminate is formed as a result of reactive sintering between iron and alumina particles. Microstructural examination of the specimen showed a dense structure with nanosize dispersion of the reinforcement of ceramic phase. Density as well as hardness of specimens depend on the formation of iron aluminate phase, which in turn depends on sintering temperature and time.

    • Effect of height to diameter ($h/d$) ratio on the deformation behaviour of Fe–Al$_2$O$_3$ metal matrix nanocomposites


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      The present paper reports the effect of height to diameter ($h/d$) ratio on the deformation behaviour of Fe–Al$_2$O$_3$ metal matrix nanocomposites (MMNCs) during bulk processing. Sintered compacts were machined to the required size with different $h/d$ ratios. Test specimens were subjected to deformation at room temperature under three different interfacial friction conditions such as dry, solid and liquid lubrications. Deformed specimensshow a significant improvement in the density and hardness. Results also revealed the formation of a nanosize iron aluminate phase due to reactive sintering, which in turn contributes to grain refinement. Experimental density of the specimens was also verified with the theoretical density using the standard equations. It is expected that the present work will be useful in designing and developing MMNC products with better quality at competitive cost.

    • Polymer-assisted co-precipitation route for the synthesis of Al$_2$O$_3$–13% TiO$_2$ nanocomposite


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      The present investigation reveals the effect of processing parameters on the properties of alumina–titania (Al$_2$O$_3$–TiO$_2$) nanocomposites. A polymer-assisted (Pluronic P123 triblock co-polymer) co-precipitation route has been employed to synthesize Al$_2$O$_3$–TiO$_2$ nanoparticles. As a surfactant, pluronic P123 polymer exhibits hydrophobic as well as the hydrophilic nature simultaneously which detains the agglomeration and hence the nano size particle have been obtained. Effect of surfactant concentration on morphology and particle size of product has also been investigated. Thermal behaviour of the prepared powder samples have been studied using differential scanning calorimeter/thermal gravimetric analysis and dilatometer. Formation of aluminium-titanate (Al$_2$TiO$_5$) phase has been confirmed using X-ray diffraction analysis. It has been observed by field emission scanning electron microscopy analysis that the particle size reduced effectively (below 100 nm) when polymer-assisted co-precipitation route is used instead of the simple co-precipitation technique. A highly dense microstructure of sintered samples has been obtained, driven by reduced particle size.

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