Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Understanding the role of glucose oxidase on carbon felt as electrodes in biocapacitor studies


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      In this work, we have reported glucose oxidase incorporated carbon felt bioelectrodes (GOx/CFE) as biocapacitors for energy storage. Glucose oxidase (GOx) was incorporated into a carbon felt electrode (CFE) and the electrodewas characterized using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. As a result, it was found that GOx was successfully incorporated into a bare CFE and enhances the specific capacitance of the electrode and it was stable up to 500 charge–discharge cycles. Consequently, it was observed that GOx/CFE exhibits enhanced energy storage capacitance compared to that of pristine carbon felt. The capacitance of GOx/CFE is found to be 4.21 mF cm$^{−2}$ (23 F g$^{−1}$) while the bare CFE shows 3.68 mF cm$^{−2}$ in a phosphate buffer solution (pH $=$ 7.0). Albeit thecapacitance values are small compared to conventional supercapacitors, the utility of these biocapacitors is expected to have a significant impact on glucose monitoring. Columbic efficiency obtained with the GOx/CFE matrix is 89%, and the electrode is stable up to 225 cycles with 100% retention of capacitance. After 225 cycles, the electrode loses the capacitance up to 12% retaining the capacitance of 88% up to 500 cycles. Cyclic voltammetric studies revealed that GOx/CFE is capable of energy storage with a 200 $\mu$A higher capacitive loop than the bare CFE at a scan rate of 10 mV s$^{−1}$. Electrochemical impedanceanalysis measurements also confirmed that GOx/CFE possess minimum resistivity. Moreover, it is very eco-friendly due to which unwanted pollution can be avoided. From the proposed matrix, it is believed that a green, eco-friendly, clean, renewable material for energy storage could be realized.

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