Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 28 Issue 6 October 2005 pp 623-628 Biomaterials
In this study, the rheologic and colloidal characterizations of sodium montmorillonite (NaMMT) were examined. Hexadecylamine (CH3(CH2)15NH2, HDA) was added to the bentonite water dispersion (2%, w/w) in different concentrations in the range 5.6 × 10-4–9.4 × 10-3 m mol/l. The rheological and electrokinetic behaviour of aqueous montmorillonite dispersions was investigated as a function of solid content and HDA concentration. The basal spacings of the HDA/NaMMT composites were studied by X-ray diffraction. The FTIR spectra were obtained from the modified bentonite products, which revealed the characteristic absorbances after treatment with HDA.
Volume 29 Issue 5 October 2006 pp 449-456 Ceramics and Glasses
The influence of polymer on flow behaviour of Balikesir, Turkey bentonite dispersions (2%, w/w) was studied for non-ionic polymer, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). In a range of 3.3 × 10-6 – 3.3 × 105 mol/l, PVA was added to the bentonite dispersions in different concentrations and its behaviour was observed on rheology parameters. Thixotropy was detected by a hysteresis loop of the flow curves. The data were interpreted taking into account the interactions of colloidal clay particles, bentonitic clay concentrations, structure, and concentrations of added PVA. The particle size analysis was explained by surface orientation of PVA to the clay particles dispersed in aqueous solution. Zeta potential determination also emphasized that PVA molecules got attached on the face and edge surface of clay particles. The morphology of bentonite dispersions was analysed by scanning electron micrograph (SEM). FTIR studies carried out in parallel to rheology studies showed that hydrogen bonds were formed between surface of the clay, and absorbed PVA molecules and adsorbed water. The presence of PVA did not prevent extensive swelling of bentonite.
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