N N Ghosh
Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 20 Issue 2 April 1997 pp 247-257
Pure spodumene and spodumene-zirconia (5, 10, 15 mol%) composite powders were prepared using aqueous sol-gel method employing lithium formate, aluminium formate, zirconium formate and tetraethoxy silane (TEOS) as starting materials in aqueous medium. The gels prepared by this method were dried at 100°C for 24h and then calcined for 2h at different temperatures ranging from 500°C to 800°C. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and infra-red spectroscopy analysis (IR) were utilized to characterize the gel powders and calcined powders. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) was used to measure the average particle size of the calcined powders.
Volume 20 Issue 2 April 1997 pp 283-286 Rapid Communication
Mullite (3Al2O3-2SiO2) powder was prepared by using an aqueous sol-gel method where aluminium formate and tetraethoxy silane (TEOS) and precipitated silica were used as the precursor compounds and water was used as reaction medium instead of the conventionally used solvent alcohol. The gels were calcined at 1000°C, 1200°C and 1300°C for 1 h and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, differential thermal analysis, thermogravimetry analysis and transmission electron microscopy. This method is shown to provide homogeneous, reactive amorphous powder at comparatively low temperatures.
Volume 42 | Issue 6
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