• N D Kataria

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Thin films of Y-Ba-Cu-O by rf sputtering and study of Josephson effect

      Mukesh Kumar N D Kataria V S Tomar V N Ojha N Khare S U M Rao G S N Reddy A K Gupta

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      Thin films of Y-Ba-Cu-O material have been prepared by rf diode sputtering using a single oxide target on strontium titanate substrates kept at an ambient temperature. It was found difficult to attain stoichiometry of the films identical to that of the target due to resputtering of the films. The influence of sputtering parameters such as target-substrate distance, rf power, gas pressure and substrate temperature in attaining a particular stoichiometry of the film has been studied. The I–V characteristics of the bridges show Shapiro steps when the bridges are irradiated with microwave radiations. The thin film bridges have the dimensions larger than coherence length; thus all the Josephson effect features are understood to arise due to intergranular junctions.

    • Study of Josephson effects in microbridges of Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O films made by spray pyrolysis

      D K Walia A K Gupta G S N Reddy V N Ojha V S Tomar Neeraj Khare N D Kataria K C Nagpal

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      Superconducting Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O (2212) films were prepared by spraying stoichiometric aqueous solutions of nitrates of bismuth, strontium, calcium and copper on heated MgO (100) substrates and subsequent annealing in air. TheR-T curves of the films show metallic behaviour above the superconducting transition temperature.Tc (R=0) is observed between 80 and 85 K. Annealing temperature has a profound effect onTc (R=0) and on the orientation of the film. Annealing in air in near-melting region yields highly oriented films withc-axis perpendicular to the substrate. These films show a sharp superconducting transition with zero resistance at 85 K. Microbridges of the dimensions of 50 µm × 50 µm have been patterned photolithographically followed with chemical etching. The 1 V characteristics of the microbridges show Josephson effects due to the presence of grain boundary weaklinks. The temperature dependence of the critical current for these microbridges suggest formation of superconductor-normal-superconductor type weaklinks.

    • Josephson effects and dc SQUID behaviour in break junction of Y-Ba-Cu-O at 77 K

      S K Arora A K Gupta Neeraj Khare N D Kataria G S N Reddy V N Ojha V S Tomar

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      Break junctions of Y-Ba-Cu-O superconductor were realized by creating fresh crack in the bar shape bulk samples mounted in a specially designed probe kept in the liquid nitrogen bath. While the bulk sample was kept static, a sharp tip of a shaft was moved downward from the outside of the dewar in order to break the sample. It was possible to change the critical current of the break junctions by adjusting pressure on the tip of the shaft. The effects of magnetic field and microwave power on the I-V characteristic of the junction were studied. The junction was found to show periodic V-B behaviour and the microwave-induced Shapiro steps were clearly observed at 77 K. The flux noise spectrum of the junction was also studied.

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