• NEHA AGRAWAL

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Hydrophobic recovery of cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane films and its consequence in soft nano patterning

      NANDINI BHANDARU NEHA AGRAWAL MENEKA BANIK RABIBRATA MUKHERJEE ASHUTOSH SHARMA

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      Cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) films and surfaces obtained by thermal cross-linking of commercially available Sylgard 184 are widely utilized in many areas of science, due to superior thermal stability, low dielectric constant, transparency and biocompatibility. Cross-linked PDMS surfaces are weakly hydrophobic and several experiments, particularly the ones that utilize capillary-driven microscale flow require the modulation of the surface wettability. A well-known strategy to achieve the same is by exposing the Sylgard 184 surface to UV/ozone (UVO) treatment at room temperature. Depending on the duration of exposure, the wettability drops from hydrophobic to a nearcompletewetting (water contact angle $\sim$10$^{\circ}$), due to the formation of a surface oxide layer. However, under normal atmospheric conditions, these surfaces recover their hydrophobicity over a period of time due to diffusive migration of the uncrosslinked oligomers to the surface, and formation of a hydrophobic dimethyl silicone layer. We explore the hydrophobic recovery process as a function of cross-linker concentration and UVO exposure time and show how a partially or fully recovered PDMS stamp may influence subsequent nanopatterning, including the possible creation of features with different morphology using a single stamp.

    • Nano-cubes over nano-spheres: shape dependent study of silver nanomaterial for biological applications

      NEHA AGRAWAL PRIYANKA MISHRA RAHUL RANJAN PUNAM AWASTHI ALOK SRIVASTAVA DEEPTI PRASAD EKTA KOHLI

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      Silver nanomaterials (AgNMs) ubiquitously known for their biological applications are studied here in terms of their shape-dependent antibacterial and anti-biofilm effect. Chemically synthesized nano-cubes (AgNCs) with size range around 150–200 nm were compared for their biological activity with commercial nano-sphere (AgNS) of comparable size (${\sim}$160 nm). The antibacterial activity against both Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus showed higher activity for nano-cubes compared with nano-spheres.The synergistic role of AgNMs with antibiotic ampicillin was also found promising. A four times enhancement and an increase of nearly 25% of antibiotic activity at 0.0625 mg ml$^{–1}$ concentration was found with 0.05 mg ml$^{–1}$ of AgNCs in agar and broth media, respectively. Anti-biofilm effect towards E. coli and S. aureus was also evaluated. AgNCs showed equal importance in biofilm disruption with 20% inhibition activity, which was yet again found better in-comparison with AgNSs. The study shows that AgNCs with distinct faces and edges could show efficient anti-bacterial effect and so such intelligently designed material could pave path for imminent medical challenges.

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