• N Pushpa

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Red luminescence from ZnO : Cr3+ nanophosphors under visible excitation

      N Pushpa M K Kokila B M Nagabhushana H Nagabhushana A Jagannatha Reddy

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      ZnO : Cr3+ (1 mol%) nanophosphor is synthesized by the wet chemical solution combustion method at the temperature of 400°C. Powder X-ray diffraction results confirmed that Cr3+-doped and undoped ZnO nanophosphors exhibit hexagonal wurtzite structure. The average crystallite size calculated from Scherrer’s method is 25 nm for undoped and 14 nm for Cr3+-doped ZnO. The UV–visible absorption spectra shows red shift in Cr3+-doped ZnO. Photoluminescence studies of undoped ZnO show violet emission peak at 400 nm and blue emission peak at 447 nm. Cr3+-doped ZnO shows red emission peaks at 642, 694 and 746 nm, which are mainly attributed to spin forbidden transitions of $^2$Eg $\to {}^4$A2g of Cr3+ ion in ZnO : Cr3+ nanophosphor. Thermoluminescence (TL) studies recorded at a heating rate of 6°C s$^{–1}$ show two well-resolved glow peaks at 124 and 284°C. It is found that the TL intensity increases with the gamma irradiation dose (500 Gy–10 kGy).

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