Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 38 Issue 7 December 2015 pp 1791-1796
The transition metal dichalcogenides possess layered structure of Se-M-Se (M = Nb, Mo, Ta and W) sandwich interact with each other by van der Waal forces and can also provide sites for intercalation. Because of their technological importance, lubricants, catalysts, battery cathodes and electrodes in the photoelectrochemical solar cells, much attention has gone in the studies of growth of these materials in crystalline and nanocrystalline forms. In the present work we report the growth of NbSe2, MoSe2, TaSe2 and WSe2 single crystals and determine the optical bandgap using optical absorption. The optical absorption of as-grown crystals has been measured at room temperature near the fundamental absorption edge. Both direct and indirect transitions are involved in the absorption process. The indirect transition was found to be allowed with two phonons involved in the process. The direct and indirect energy gaps and phonon energies for all crystals have been estimated. The results obtained are discussed in detail.
Volume 42 | Issue 6
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