• M C Pandey

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • On the tensile creep behaviour of a directionally-solidified Ni3Al-based alloy

      M S Gopala Krishna M C Pandey

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      High temperature tensile creep behaviour of a directionally-solidified Ni3Al-based alloy is presented. The study involved selection of nine alloy systems based on Ni3Al. The alloys contained varying amounts of Cr and Ta, fixed amounts of 1·5 at.% Hf and 0·5 at.% Zr and doped with 0·2 at.% each of C and B. The alloys were vacuum arc-melted into buttons and homogenized at 1050°C for 68 h. The test pieces of the alloys were hot compression tested at 600, 700, 800 and 900°C. The yield strength data of some of the alloys were superior to conventionally cast Mar-M 200, a cast nickel-base superalloy widely used in gas turbine structural applications. The best alloy system was chosen based on consistent performance in the hot compression studies. The alloy so chosen was directionally solidified and vacuum-homogenization-treated for 20 h at various selected temperatures. Optimum creep properties were observed at 1120°C, 20 h treatment. The minimum creep rate data of the DS alloy showed relatively higher values even at lower temperatures and stress levels as compared to Mar-M 200. Hence, the alloy is less promising in replacing nickel-based superalloys used as structural materials in gas turbine applications.

    • The role of active elements in Fe-Cr-Al alloys for heating element applications

      D V Satyanarayana M C Pandey

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      The role of active elements (zirconium, cerium and yttrium) in grain growth and its subsequent effect on room-temperature tensile fracture behaviour of Fe-Cr-Al alloys has been investigated. The alloys containing active elements exhibited improved resistance to grain growth. Yttrium-containing alloy retained higher room-temperature tensile ductility even after heating at higher temperatures because of its superior resistance to grain coarsening. All the alloys, with and without active elements, exhibited a sudden drop in room-temperature tensile ductility, with concommitant change in fracture mode from dimple rupture to cleavage, in a narrow band of 39–44µm grain size. The ductile-brittle transition temperatures (DBTT) of these alloys were found to be 150°C and 215°C for grain sizes 25µm and 100µm respectively. The accelerated life test showed that the alloys containing active elements exhibited longer lives.

    • Effect of gamma prime depletion on creep behaviour of a nickel base superalloy (Inconel alloy X-750)

      M C Pandey D V V Satyanarayana

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      Specimens of a nickel base superalloy were exposed to air at 1423 K to study the effect of gamma prime depletion in the near-surface region on the creep behaviour of the alloy. The results showed that the gamma prime depletion in the air-exposed specimens caused a weakening effect, leading to enhanced creep rate. Kachanov’s damage parameterf was determined and was found to be 0·5 indicating that the near-surface region, comprising of surface oxide, grain boundary oxide and gamma prime depleted region, carried a small fraction of the applied stress. It is further shown that the damaging effect is more pronounced in thinner specimens.

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