Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Enhancement of proton conduction in carboxymethyl cellulose-polyvinyl alcohol employing polyethylene glycol as a plasticizer


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      The present study deals with the enhancement of proton transport and conduction properties of solid polymer electrolyte (SPE)-based carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) blended with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) doped with ammoniumnitrate (NH$_4$NO$_3$) and plasticized with various compositions of polyethylene glycol (PEG). The SPE system was successfully prepared using an economical method, the solution casting technique, and analysed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and electrical impedance spectroscopy. The infrared spectra show that interaction had occurred at O$–$H and COO$^{-}$ from CMC when PEG was added which prevailed the enhancement of ion dissociation. Glass transition measurement highlighted that the interaction between CMC–PVA–NH$_4$NO$_3$ and ethylene carbonate at 8 wt% give the most plasticization effect that achieved the lowest $T_{\rm g}$. The highest conductivity of the SPE system achieved at ambient temperature was $1.70\times 10^{-3}$ S cm$^{-1}$ for a non-plasticized sample, and further enhanced to $3.00 \times 10^{-3}$ S cm$^{-1}$ when 8 wt% PEG was incorporated into the SPE system. The sample with the highest conductivity was found to obey theArrhenius behaviour with a function of temperature. The ionic conductivity of the SPE system was shown to be primarily influenced by a number of ions ($\eta$), ion mobility ($\mu$) and diffusion coefficient ($D$).

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