Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 14 Issue 5 October 1991 pp 1249-1255
Non-contact processing technique involving the use of CW and pulsed CO2 laser irradiation has been used for reducing the core loss of cold-rolled grain-oriented silicon steel. Laser scribing perpendicular to the rolling direction resulted in a refinement of domain wall spacing which subsequently reduced the loss of silicon steel. It was found that laser irradiation was more effective in a specimen with higher magnetic induction (Hi-B) and the loss was reduced by more than 10% under optimum conditions of the laser irradiation and the scribing speed. Since laser processing is a non-contact technique, it can be easily applied to the production line of the silicon steel.
Volume 26 Issue 3 April 2003 pp 335-341 Glasses
Titanium in normal melting conditions in air atmosphere present as Ti4+ ion in basic silicate glasses exhibited an ultra-violet cut-off in silicate glasses, viz. soda–magnesia–silica, soda–magnesia–lime–silica and soda–lime–silica glasses. This indicates that Ti4+ ion can be a good replacement for Ce4+ ion in producing UV-absorbing silicate glasses for commercial applications. The wavelength maxima at which the infinite absorption takes place in glasses was found to be around 310 nm against Ti-free blank glass in UV-region. The mechanism of electronic transition from O2- ligands to Ti4+ ion was suggested as L $\rightarrow$ M charge transfer. The low energy tails of the ultra-violet cut-off were found to obey Urbach’s rule in the optical range 360–500 nm. The fluorescence spectra of these glasses were also studied and based on the radiative fluorescent properties it was suggested that the soda–lime–silica glass containing Ti4+ ion with greater emission crosssection would emit a better fluorescence than the corresponding soda–magnesia–lime–silica and soda–magnesia–silica glasses. The shift of emission wavelengths maxima towards longer wavelength in titania introduced silicate glasses was observed on replacement of MgO by CaO which may be attributed due to an increase in basicity of the glass system.
Volume 33 Issue 4 August 2010 pp 509-515 Fuel Cells
Asphaltenes separated from two different crude oils from upper Assam, India, having different geological origins, viz. DK (Eocene) and JN (Oligocene–Miocene) were pyrolysed at 600°C and the products were analysed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC/MS) especially for the generated alkylnaphthalenes and alkylphenanthrenes. Both the asphaltenes produced aliphatic as well as aromatic compound classes. Alkylnaphthalenes and alkylphenanthrenes were identified by using reference chromatograms and literature data and the distributions were used to assess thermal maturity of the asphaltenes. The ratios of 𝛽-substituted to α-substituted isomers of both alkylnaphthalenes and alkylphenanthrenes revealed higher maturity of the JN asphaltenes than the DK asphaltenes. For both the asphaltenes the abundance of 1-methylphenanthrene dominated over that of 9-methylphenanthrene showing the terrestrial nature of the organic matter.
Volume 36 Issue 2 April 2013 pp 311-317
Asphaltenes separated from two different crude oils from upper Assam, India, having different geological origins, viz. DK(eocene) and JN (oligocene–miocene) were pyrolysed at 600 °C and the products were analysed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC/MS) especially for the generated alkylnaphthalenes and alkylphenanthrenes. Both the asphaltenes produce aliphatic as well as aromatic compound classes. Alkylnaphthalenes and alkylphenanthrenes were identified by using reference chromatograms and literature data and the distributions used to assess thermalmaturity of the asphaltenes. The ratios of 𝛽-substituted to 𝛼-substituted isomers of both alkylnaphthalenes and alkylphenanthrenes revealed higher maturity of the JN asphaltenes than the DK asphaltenes. For both the asphaltenes, the abundance of 1-methylphenanthrene dominates over that of 9-methylphenanthrene showing the terrestrial nature of the organic matter.
Volume 43 All articles Published: 20 August 2020 Article ID 0234
MANOJ KUMAR RAJBHAR SARAVANAN RAJAMANI S K SINGH SERGEY SURODIN DMITRY NIKOLICHEV RUSLAN KRYUKOV DMITRY KOROLEV ALYONA NIKOLSKAYA ALEXEY BELOV ALEXEY NEZHDANOV ALEXEY MIKHAYLOV DAVID TETELBAUM MAHESH KUMAR
Synthesis of nanoparticles in insulators attracts tremendous attention due to their unique electrical and optical properties. Here, the gallium (Ga) and gallium nitride (GaN) nanoclusters have been synthesized in the silicon nitridematrix by sequential ion implantation (gallium and nitrogen ions) followed by either furnace annealing (FA) or rapid thermal annealing (RTA). The presence of Ga and GaN nanoclusters has been confirmed by Fourier-transform infrared,Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Thereafter, the effect of RTA and FA on the conduction of charge carriers has been studied for the fabricated devices. It is found from the current–voltage measurements that the carrier transport is controlled by the space charge limited current conduction mechanism, and the observed values of parameter $m$ (trap density and the distribution of localized state) for the FA and RTA devices are $\sim$2 and $\sim$4.1, respectively. This reveals that more defects are formed in the RTA device and that FA provides better performance than RTA from the viewpoint ofopto- and nano-electronic applications.
Volume 44 All articles Published: 10 June 2021 Article ID 0181
Additive manufacturing (AM) has emerged as a powerful tool of manufacturing over conventional manufacturing techniques due to its customization features, design flexibility, waste minimization and ability to create intrinsic shapes. This technology involves the fabrication of parts by layer-by-layer printing and thus offers robust mechanical properties. This study aims to provide a comprehensive overview of distinct AM processes, history, materials, comparison and their applications in different fields. In addition, this study also summarizes the mechanical properties of distinct parts fabricated by distinct AM methods, so that this research could become the torch bearer for the futuristic researchers working in this area.
Volume 45, 2022
Continuous Article Publishing mode
Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
Chemical Sciences 2020
Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
Physical Sciences 2020
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