• M V N Ambika Prasad

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Synthesis, characterization and low frequency a.c. conduction of polyaniline/fly ash composites

      S C Raghavendra Syed Khasim M Revanasiddappa M V N Ambika Prasad A B Kulkarni

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      in situ polymerization of aniline was carried out in the presence of fly ash (FA) to synthesize polyaniline/fly ash (PANI/FA) composites. The PANI/FA composites have been synthesized with various compositions (15, 20, 30 and 40 wt%) of FA in PANI. The composites, thus synthesized have been characterized by infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The morphology of these samples was studied by scanning electron microscopy. Further the a.c. conductivity of these composites have been investigated in the frequency range 102–106 Hz. The presence of polarons and bipolarons are made responsible for frequency dependence of a.c. conductivity in these composites. The Cole–Cole plots indicate clear shift in the distribution of relaxation times as the wt% of FA in PANI changes. These composites show almost symmetric semicircles of Cole–Cole plots indicating the Debye-type relaxation in their polarization response.

    • Synthesis, characterization and conductivity studies of polypyrrole–fly ash composites

      M V Murugendrappa Syed Khasim M V N Ambika Prasad

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      in situ polymerization of pyrrole was carried out in the presence of fly ash (FA) to synthesize polypyrrole–fly ash composites (PPy/FA) by chemical oxidation method. The PPy/FA composites have been synthesized with various compositions (10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 wt%) of fly ash in pyrrole. The surface morphology of these composites was studied with scanning electron micrograph (SEM). The polypyrrole–fly ash composites were also characterized by employing X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and infrared spectroscopy (IR). The a.c. conductivity behaviour has been investigated in the frequency range 102–106 Hz. The d.c. conductivity was studied in the temperature range from 40–200°C. The dimensions of fly ash in the matrix have a greater influence on the observed conductivity values. The results obtained for these composites are of greater scientific and technological interest.

    • Synthesis, transport and dielectric properties of polyaniline/Co3O4 composites

      Shantala D Patil S C Raghavendra M Revansiddappa P Narsimha M V N Ambika Prasad

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      Conducting polyaniline/cobaltous oxide composites have been synthesized using in situ deposition technique by placing fine graded/cobaltous oxide in polymerization mixture of aniline. The a.c. conductivity and dielectric properties are studied by sandwiching the pellets of these composites between the silver electrodes. It is observed that the values of conductivities increase up to 30 wt% of cobaltous oxide in polyaniline and decrease thereafter. Initial increment in conductivity is due to extended chain length of polyaniline where polarons possess sufficient energy to hop between favourable sites. Beyond 30 wt% of cobaltous oxide in polyaniline, blocking of charge carriers takes place reducing the conductivity values. It can be noted that the value of dielectric constant increases up to 10 wt% of cobaltous oxide. Thereafter, it decreases up to 30 wt% of cobaltous oxide and again increases up to 40 wt% of cobaltous oxide and decreases thereafter. The observed behaviour is attributed to the variation of a.c. conductivity. And it is observed that the dielectric loss increases up to 10 wt% of cobaltous oxide in polyaniline, decreases to a lower value of 20 wt% of cobaltous oxide and increases to 35 wt% and thereafter decreases. These values go in accordance with the values of dielectric constant. The results obtained for these composites are of greater scientific and technological importance.

    • Humidity sensing behaviour of polyaniline/magnesium chromate (MgCrO4) composite

      T Machappa M V N Ambika Prasad

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      in situ’ polymerization of polyaniline (PANI) was carried out in the presence of magnesium chromate (MgCrO4) to synthesize PANI/ceramic (MgCrO4) composite. These prepared composites were characterized by XRD, FTIR and SEM, which confirm the presence of MgCrO4 in polyaniline matrix. The temperature dependent conductivity measurement shows the thermally activated exponential behaviour of PANI /MgCrO4 composites. The decrease in electrical resistance was observed when the polymer composites were exposed to the broad range of relative humidity (ranging between 20 and 95% RH). This decrease is due to increase in surface electrical conductivity resulting from moisture absorption and due to capillary condensation of water causing change in conductivity within the sensing materials. PANI / MgCrO4 composites are found to be sensitive to low humidity ranging from 20 to 50% RH.

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