M S Bapat
Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 33 Issue 6 December 2010 pp 657-662
Barium titanate/epoxy resin composites have been synthesized and tested for microwave absorption/transmission. Nanocrystalline barium titanate (BaTiO3 or BT) was synthesized by the hydrothermal method and the composites of BT/epoxy resin were fabricated as thin solid slabs of four different weight ratios. BT was obtained in the cubic phase with an average particle size of 21 nm, deduced from the X-ray diffraction data. The reflection loss (RL) and transmission loss (TL) of the composite materials were measured by the reflection/transmission method using a vector network analyser R&S: ZVA40, in the frequency range 8.0–18.5 GHz (X and Ku-bands). The RL was found to be better than −10 dB over wide frequency bands. The higher RL for lower concentration of BT could be due to increase in impedance matching effects. Low TL values indicate that the absorption by BT is quite low. This could be due to formation of BT in the cubic paraelectric phase.
Volume 34 Issue 4 July 2011 pp 699-704
Microwave absorbing materials play a major role in electromagnetic interference and compatibility measurements in anechoic chambers. Nanocrystalline calcium titanate (CT) was synthesized by hydrothermal method and further composites of CT/epoxy resin were fabricated as thin solid slabs of four different weight ratios. The composite material was analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), which reveals that CT was observed to be in the monoclinic phase with an average crystallite size of 24 nm. The reflectivity measurement of the composite materials was carried out by the transmission/reflection method using a vector network analyzer R&S: ZVA40, in the X- and Ku-bands. The effective permittivity and permeability of the samples was also computed with the help of measured transmission and reflection coefficients. The results show that CT with equal weight of epoxy resin provides –30 dB at 8.5 GHz in the X-band and –19.5 dB at 18.0 GHz in the Ku-band. Reflectivity was found to be better than –10 dB for 2.2 GHz and 1.9 GHz for X-band and Ku-band, respectively and encourages use of it as potential microwave absorber material.
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