Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 35 Issue 3 June 2012 pp 433-438
The effect of Co+2 doping on Cu+2 and Ti+4 sites in calcium copper titanate, CaCu3Ti4O12, has been examined. The doped compositions, CaCu3−𝑥Co𝑥Ti4O12 and CaCu3Ti4−𝑥Co𝑥O12 (𝑥 = 0.10) ceramics, were prepared by novel semi-wet route. In this method, calcium, copper and cobalt salts were taken in solution form and TiO2 was used in solid form. XRD analysis confirmed the formation of single-phase materials. Structure of CaCu3Ti4O12 does not change on doping with cobalt either on Cu-site or Ti-site and it remains cubic. Scanning electron micrographs (SEM) show average grain size of CaCu2.9Co0.1Ti4O12 to be larger than CaCu3Ti3.9Co0.1O12 ceramic. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) studies confined the purity of parent and Co-doped CaCu3Ti4O12 ceramics. Dielectric constant (𝜀r) and dielectric loss (tan 𝛿) of CaCu2.9Co0.1Ti4O12 is comparatively higher than that of CaCu3Ti3.9Co0.1O12 ceramic at all measured frequencies and temperatures.
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