Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science
Volume 22 Issue 4 June 1999 pp 757-759 Oxide Materials
The polycrystalline samples of Ba5BiTi3Nb7O30 (hereafter BBTN) belonging to ferroelectric oxide family of tungsten bronze structure were prepared by high temperature solid-state reaction method. Preliminary X-ray analysis of the samples provided the lattice parameters
Volume 25 Issue 2 April 2002 pp 133-136 Ceramic Materials
The polycrystalline samples of Ca4Bi2Ti4Nb6O30 (herein designated CBTN) were synthesized by the conventional ceramic method. Preliminary X-ray structural study of the compound showed the formation of a single phase solid solution having orthorhombic structure in the paraelectric phase. Measurements of the dielectric constant (𝜀') and dielectric loss (tan 𝛿) as a function of temperarure (-180-200°C) at 1 kHz and 10 kHz and also as a function of frequency (102 Hz to 104 Hz) at five different temperatures [-180°C, -40°C, -10°C, 26°C (room temperature) and 75°C] have shown a dielectric anomaly and a phase transition at -13 ± 1°C in CBTN.
Volume 34 Issue 6 October 2011 pp 1237-1243
Aqueous binary dopant (ZrOCl2/AgI) is used in different ratios such as 1:1, 1:2 and 2:1 (w/w) for chemical doping to enhance the conductivity of synthesized polyaniline (PANI). The doping of polyaniline is carried out using tetrahydrofuran as a solvent. Doped samples are characterized using various techniques such as 𝐼–𝑉 characteristics, UV-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry (XRD), FTIR and photoluminescence (PL) studies. A significant enhancement in d.c. conductivity has been observed with the introduction of binary dopant. UV-visible study shows that optical parameters change considerably after doping. Interestingly, both direct and indirect bandgaps are observed in the doped samples. XRD patterns show the semi-crystalline nature of doped polyaniline. FTIR study shows structural modifications in functional groups with doping in PANI. Photoluminescence spectra exhibit emission properties of the samples.
Volume 42 | Issue 3