• K Bhanumurthy

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Surface alloying of pure iron by molybdenum and tin by a continuous wave CO2 laser

      I S Batra K Bhanumurthy S K Khera A K Sinha A R Biswas V I Titov M B Ignatiev A Uglov

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      It is now well established that considerable improvement in the mechanical/chemical properties of near surface regions of materials can be achieved by the process of laser surface alloying. The change in chemistry at the surface is attained through the process of melting and mixing of a predeposited coating and a thin layer of the substrate. Rapid solidification of this molten region at the surface then results in the development of very interesting microstructural features. In the present work, an attempt was made to surface alloy pure iron by molybdenum and/or tin by using a continuous wave CO2 laser. Morphology of the resulting microstructural features was examined by optical as well as scanning electron microscopy and the compositional details were determined using an electron probe microanalyser. Microhardness measurements were carried out as a function of depth from the laser-treated surface. This paper discusses the results of these investigations and delineates the roles of the various parameters on the chemistry and microstructure of the surface alloys formed as a result of laser treatment.

    • Study of diffusion and related phenomena by electron probe microanalyser

      K Bhanumurthy G B Kale

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      Interaction of various materials at high temperatures leads to the formation of reaction zones of differing nature ranging from simple solid solutions to multiphase structures. Understanding the diffusion processes leading to the formation of reaction zone and its nature requires an accurate estimation of composition and the distribution of the phases formed. Electron probe microanalyser (EPMA) is an indispensable technique for this purpose, where the quantitative analysis of micron sized layers formed in the diffusion zone is required. Application of EPMA to study the diffusion processes in several metallic systems is dealt in detail. Utility of this technique to study problems related to contact metallurgy in semiconductors and practical problems of joining, particularly to that of diffusion bonding, is also described in this paper.

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