• K Balakrishnan

      Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science

    • Critical exponent of the electrical conductivity in the paracoherence region of a thin film of YBa2Cu3O7−x

      Manmeet K Marhas K Balakrishnan V Ganesan R Srinivasan D Kanjilal G K Mehta G K Muralidhar G Mohan Rao Senthil Nathan S Mohan

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      Critical exponent of the electrical conductivity in the paracoherence region (γ) of the high temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O7−x (YBCO) has been estimated for high quality thin film on ZrO2 substrate prepared by high pressure oxygen sputtering. High energy ion irradiation was carried out using 100 MeV16O7+ ions at liquid nitrogen temperature to see the effects of disorder on the value of the exponent. The critical exponent (γ) changes from a value of about 2 to 1·62 upon irradiation. Studies were also carried out on this film to see the effect of ageing and annealing.

    • Metallurgical aspects of corrosion

      K Balakrishnan

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      Metallurgical properties have strong effects on corrosion. The paper discusses and reviews the work done at CECRI on the metallurgical aspects of corrosion of some industrially important alloys like steel and aluminium alloy weldments, stainless maraging steel and prestressing steel. The corrosion control methods for the above materials are also reviewed.

    • Trends in corrosion protection of materials

      K Balakrishnan

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      The rapid advances in technologies in various fields have also recorded significant progresses in the field of newer materials as the reliability and effective performance of industrial equipment as well as the associated components mostly depend upon their integrity over specified period.

      Though the basic methods of protection of materials like use of corrosion-resistant alloys, application of surface coatings, modification of the environment and application of cathodic protection have largely remained the same, the approaches and techniques adopted in each of these fields have been so advanced that one could today advocate appropriate protection systems with high reliability and performance.

      The author presents some of his contributions along with his colleagues in the fields of cathodic protection of vital structures, development of newer coatings for specific applications and new approaches to corrosion monitoring techniques, besides highlighting the corrosion behaviour of some of the heat-treated alloys which are specifically used in such strategic areas as space and defence.

      The presentation would also cover briefly some of the techniques that have been employed by the author for better understanding of corrosion and passivation of metals and alloys.

    • Band gap study on zinc-doped cadmium sulphide

      T K Anee Francis P Xavier K Balakrishnan

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      Photoconductivity studies on cadium sulphide (CdS) crystals grown by chemical vapour transport method were carried out at room temperature (300°C) over the spectral range between the near ultraviolet and the near infrared. Three samples of CdS crystals, viz. undoped CdS crystal, 0·5 ppm zinc doped CdS crystal, and 1 ppm zinc doped CdS crystal, were used. The variation of photocurrent as a function of applied field, intensity of the incident light, response time, and incident wavelength was studied. It was observed that the band gap decreased linearly as doping concentration increased. This is interpreted as being due to doped impurity atoms acting as traps very close to the conduction band edge. The rise and decay times also decreased linearly as doping concentration increased. This has been interpreted due to more free charge carriers being created in the crystal with increase in doping concentration, thereby making the crystal more photosensitive.

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